Development and Making of Indian Constitution MCQs

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The development and making of the Indian Constitution is a fascinating chapter in India’s history.

Development and Making of Indian Constitution MCQs Practice Now

Here is a short note on this significant process:

Development of the Constitution:

  1. Historical Context: India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule played a crucial role in shaping the development of its constitution. The demand for a constitution that would guide the newly independent nation’s governance emerged during the freedom movement.
  2. Constituent Assembly: The Constituent Assembly of India, established in 1946, was tasked with drafting the country’s constitution. It comprised 299 members, including leaders from various regions, communities, and political ideologies.

Making of the Constitution:

  1. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, a prominent jurist and social reformer, was appointed as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. He played a pivotal role in shaping the constitution and is often referred to as the “Father of the Indian Constitution.”
  2. Preamble: The Constitution’s Preamble, which reflects the values and aspirations of the Indian people, was adopted on January 22, 1947.
  3. Constituent Assembly Debates: The drafting of the constitution involved intense debates and discussions over several years. The assembly discussed and deliberated on various aspects, including fundamental rights, the structure of government, and federalism.
  4. Adoption and Implementation: The Indian Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950, marking the day India became a sovereign republic. This date is now celebrated annually as Republic Day. The Constitution established a democratic, secular, and socialist republic, emphasizing justice, liberty, and equality for all citizens.
  5. Influence of Diverse Sources: The Indian Constitution drew inspiration from various sources, including the constitutions of other countries, the Government of India Act 1935, and the ideals of the freedom struggle. It also incorporated the principles of justice, equality, and fraternity.
  6. Amendments: Over the years, the Indian Constitution has been amended to address evolving needs and challenges. The amendment process allows for necessary changes without altering the fundamental structure of the constitution.

In conclusion, the development and making of the Indian Constitution was a profound and inclusive process that culminated in the birth of the world’s longest written constitution. It reflects the diversity, aspirations, and democratic ideals of the Indian nation and has been instrumental in shaping the country’s political and legal landscape.

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Development and Making of Indian Constitution MCQs

Q1. The Federal Court of India was established in which  of the following year?

(a) 1935 

(b) 1937 

(c) 1946 

(d) 1947

(b) 1937

Q2. Which of the following Acts set up Dyarchy System at  the central level?

(a) Government of India Act, 1935  

(b) Government of India Act, 1919  

(c) Indian Councils Act, 1909  

(d) Indian Councils Act, 1892

(a) Government of India Act, 1935

Q3. The Act of 1909 was associated with 

(a) introduction of separate electorate

(b) decentralization

(c) dyarchy

(d) legislative councils

((a) introduction of separate electorate

Q4. The Indian Legislature was made bicameral for the  fi rst time by

(a) Indian Council Act of 1892 

(b) Indian Council Act of 1909 

(c) The Government of India Act of 1919   (d) The Government of India Act of 1935

(c) The Government of India Act of 1919

Q5. The distribution of power between Centre and States as  in the Constitution of India is based on which of the  following plans?

(a) Morely-Minto Reform, 1909 

(b) Montagu-Chelmsford Reform, 1919

(c) Government of India Act, 1935

(d) Indian Independence Act, 1947

(c) Government of India Act, 1935

Q6. In the Federation established under the Act of 1935,  residuary powers were given to the

(a) Federal Legislature  

(b) Provincial Legislature

(c) Governor General

(d) Provincial Governor

(c) Governor General

Q7. One amongst the following was not a salient feature of  the Government of India Act, 1935:

 (a) The Act provided for an All India Federation

(b) Residuary subjects were allocated to provincial  Legislatures.

(c) It marked the beginning of the Provincial Autonomy.

(d) It abolished Diarchy at the Provincial level and  introduced it at the Centre.

(b) Residuary subjects were allocated to provincial  Legislatures

Q8. Why is the Government of India Act, 1935 important?

(a) It is the main source of the Constitution of India

(b) It gave Independence to India

(c) It envisages partition of India

(d) It abolished the Native States

(a) It is the main source of the Constitution of India

Q9. Which one of the following Acts led to the separation  of Burma from India?

(a) The Indian Councils Act, 1909 

(b) Government of India Act, 1919

(c) Government of India Act, 1935

(d) Indian Independence Act, 1947

(c) Government of India Act, 1935

Q10. The proposal for framing of the Constitution of India  by an elected Constituent Assembly was made by  

(a) Simon Commission

(b) Government of India Act, 1935 

(c) Cripps Mission 

(d) British Cabinet Delegation

(c) Cripps Mission

Q11. Indian Constituent Assembly was established under –  

(a) Government of India Act, 1935  

(b) Cripps Mission, 1942  

(c) Cabinet Mission, 1946  

(d) Indian Independence Act, 1947

(c) Cabinet Mission, 1946

Q12. How were the members of the Constituent Assembly  elected?

(a) Directly by public

(b) Nominated by Congress  

(c) Nominated by Indian ruler

(d) By Provincial assemblies

(d) By Provincial assemblies

Q13. Who was the first elected Chairman of the Constituent  Assembly?

(a) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar  

(b) Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha  

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad  

(d) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan

(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Q14. Constituent Assembly of India was established on:

(a) 10 June, 1946 

(b) 09 December, 1946 

(c) 26 November, 1949 

(d) 26 December, 1949

(b) 09 December, 1946

Q15. The resolution for giving a Constitution to India was  adopted by the Constituent Assembly on:

(a) 22 January, 1946 

(b) 22 January, 1947 

(c) 20 February, 1947 

(d) 26 July, 1946

(b) 22 January, 1947

Q16. Who proposed the Preamble before the Drafting  Committee of the Constitution?

(a)  Jawaharlal Nehru

(b)  B. R. Ambedkar 

(c)  B. N. Rao 

(d)  Mahatma Gandhi

(a)  Jawaharlal Nehru

Q17. How much time does the Constituent Assembly take to  frame the Constitution of India?

(a) 2 years, 11 months, 18 days   

(b) 2 years, 7 months, 23 days 

(c) 3 years, 4 months, 14 days  

(d) 3 years 11 months 5 days

(a) 2 years, 11 months, 18 days

Q18. Who was the Chairman of Advisory Committee on  Fundamental Rights and Minorities constituted by the  Constituent Assembly?

(a) Pandit Nehru 

(b) Sardar Patel  

(c) B.N. Rao 

(d) Ambedkar

(b) Sardar Patel

Q19. Who amongst the following was not a member of the  Drafting Committee of the Constitution ?

(a) Mohammad Saadullah 

(b) K.M. Munshi  

(c) A.K. Ayer 

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Q20. The Constitution of India was completed on:

(a) January 26, 1950

(b) November 26, 1949

(c) February 11, 1948 

(d) None of the above is correct

(b) November 26, 1949

Q21. Constitution of India came into force on –  

(a) 26 January, 1950  

(b) 23 January, 1950  

(c) 15 August, 1947  

(d) 26 December, 1949

(a) 26 January, 1950

Q22. Indian Constitution was adopted by –  (a) Constituent Assembly  

(b) British Parliament  

(c) Governor-General  

(d) Indian Parliament

(a) Constituent Assembly

Q23. Constitution Day of India is celebrated on 

(a) 26th October 

(b) 26th November

(c) 26th January 

(d) 15th August

(b) 26th November

Q24. In which year was ‘Jana Gana Mana’ adopted as the  National Anthem of India?

(a) 1948 

(b) 1949 

(c) 1950 

(d) 1951

(c) 1950

Q25. The state emblem was adopted by Govt. of India on  

(a) 15th August, 1948 

(b) 2nd October, 1947 

(c) 26th January, 1948 

(d) 26th January, 1950

(d) 26th January, 1950

Q26. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress  at the time of partition of India?

(a) J.B. Kripalani 

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

(d) C. Rajagopalachari

(a) J.B. Kripalani

Q27. Who said ‘India is a Quasi-Federal State’?

(a) Lord Bryce 

(b) Ivor Jennings

(c) H.J. Laski 

(d) K.C. Wheare

(d) K.C. Wheare

Q28. Who in the begining, presented the idea of Indian  Constituent Assembly in pre independence days?

(a) M.N. Roy 

(b) B.R. Ambedkar

(c) Annie Besant 

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

(a) M.N. Roy

Q29. How many women members were there in the Indian  Constituent Assembly?

(a) 15

(b) 13  

(c) 12

(d) 10

(a) 15.The total membership of the Constituent Assembly was 389 of which 292 were representatives of the provinces, 93 represented the princely states

Q30. The States and the Central Government derive power  from

(a) The Constitution of India  

(b) The president of India  

(c) The Prime Minister of India  

(d) The Parliament of India

(a) The Constitution of India

Making of Indian Constitution MCQs

Q1. The idea of the Preamble has been borrowed in the Indian  Constitution from the Constitution of –  

(a) Italy 

(b) Canada  

(c) France 

(d) U.S.A.

(d) U.S.A.

Q2. In the Indian political system, which one is supreme?

(a) The Supreme Court  

(b) The Constitution

(c) The Parliament

(d) Religion

(b) The Constitution

Q3. The concept of ‘Judicial Review’ in India has been  adopted from the Constitution of –  (a) U.K 

(b) U.S.A.

(c) U.S.S.R. 

(d) Australia

(b) U.S.A.

Q4. The feature of Federal system of the Indian Constitution  is inspired by the constitution of:   (a) Canada 

(b) United Kingdom  

(c) U.S.A.  

(d) Ireland

(a) Canada

Q5. The system of judicial review exists in  

(a) India only 

(b) U.S.A only  

(c) India and U.S.A. 

(d) U.K. only

((c) India and U.S.A.

Q6. Concurrent List included in Indian Constitution is  given by 

(a) The Soviet Union 

(b)  Australia  

(c)  Italy 

(d)  Canada

(b)  Australia

Q7. The concept of ‘the Directive Principles of State Policy’  in the Indian Constitution has been adopted from the  Constitution of  

(a) France 

(b) Ireland  

(c) Japan 

(d) U.S.S.R.

(b) Ireland

Q8. Match List- 1 with List- II by using code given below   

     List- I                                       List- II      

(Constitutional Provisions)       (Sources)  

A.  Rule of Law                             1. Australia  

B.  Procedure established             2. England    by Law 

C.  Reserving of bill by     3. Japan   Governor for President’s 


 D. Concurrent List                        4. Canada  

Code :

     A B C D  

(a) 1 2 3 4  

(b) 2 1 4 3  

(c) 3 2 1 4  

(d) 2 3 4 1

(d) 2 3 4 1

Q9. The idea of Fundamental Rights was borrowed from  the constitution of :

 (a) U.S.A.  

 (b) Canada 

 (c) Britain

 (d) Russia

(a) U.S.A.

Q10. The concept of Fundamental Duties has been taken from 

(a) American Constitution  

(b) British Constitution  

(c) Russian (Former Soviet Union) Constitution  (d) French Constitution

(c) Russian (Former Soviet Union) Constitution

Q11. The tradition of the written Constitution began from which  of the following countries?

(a) Japan  

(b) India  

(c) Britain 

(d) America

(d) America

Who were the key figures involved in drafting the Indian Constitution?

The key figures in drafting the Indian Constitution included Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who chaired the Drafting Committee, and leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, and Rajendra Prasad, who played pivotal roles in the Constituent Assembly.

How long did it take to draft the Indian Constitution?

The process of drafting the Indian Constitution took nearly three years. The Constituent Assembly started its work on December 9, 1946, and adopted the final draft on January 26, 1950.

What were the major influences on the Indian Constitution?

The Indian Constitution was influenced by a variety of sources, including the constitutions of several countries (like the USA, UK, and Canada), the Government of India Act 1935, and the ideals of the Indian freedom struggle, which emphasized principles of justice, liberty, and equality.

How did the Constituent Assembly handle disagreements and differing opinions during the drafting process?

Disagreements and differing opinions were resolved through debates and discussions in the Constituent Assembly. Members engaged in extensive deliberations, leading to compromises and consensus-building to ensure the constitution’s inclusivity and acceptance.

What is the significance of January 26, 1950, in the context of the Indian Constitution?

January 26, 1950, is celebrated as Republic Day in India, as it marks the day the Indian Constitution came into effect, making India a sovereign, democratic, and republic nation, replacing the Government of India Act 1935. It symbolizes the culmination of India’s journey to independence and self-governance.

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