Directive Principles of State Policy MCQs

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Directive Principles of State Policy, often referred to as DPSP, are a set of guidelines and principles enshrined in the Constitution of India. These principles are not enforceable by the courts but provide the government with a framework for shaping policies and laws.

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Here are some key points about Directive Principles of State Policy:

  1. Constitutional Provisions: DPSP is outlined in Part IV (Article 36 to 51) of the Indian Constitution. They complement the Fundamental Rights (Part III) and the duties of citizens (Part IV-A) to create a balanced and just society.
  2. Non-Justiciable: Unlike Fundamental Rights, which are legally enforceable, DPSPs are non-justiciable, meaning that citizens cannot approach the courts to ensure their implementation. However, they act as a moral and political guide for the government.
  3. Socio-Economic and Political Goals: DPSPs aim to promote the well-being of the citizens and establish a just and equitable society. They cover various aspects, including social justice, economic development, international relations, and the protection of cultural and educational interests.
  4. Role of the State: DPSPs outline the role and responsibilities of the state in achieving these socio-economic and political goals. They include principles like promoting social justice, ensuring equal pay for equal work, and safeguarding the rights of women and children.
  5. Policies and Legislation: The government is expected to consider these principles while formulating policies and laws. Over the years, various laws and policies have been enacted to realize the objectives of DPSPs, such as land reforms, labor welfare laws, and environmental protection measures.
  6. Balancing Act: The Indian Constitution strikes a balance between Fundamental Rights and DPSPs. While Fundamental Rights protect individual liberties, DPSPs guide the state in ensuring social and economic justice for all, even though they may sometimes be in tension.
  7. Amending DPSPs: The Parliament can amend DPSPs through constitutional amendments. However, such amendments do not affect the basic structure of the Constitution.

In summary, Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution provide a blueprint for the government to work towards social, economic, and political justice, even though they are not legally enforceable. They serve as a guiding philosophy for the state to create a more equitable and just society.

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Directive Principles of State Policy MCQs

Q1. Which one of the following is not the objective of the  Directive Principles of State Policy?

 (a) To establish a welfare State.

 (b) To ensure socio-economic Justice  

 (c) To establish a Religious State

 (d) To establish a Secular State

(c) To establish a Religious State

Q2. Which part of the Constitution of India describes the model  of the Welfare State?

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Fundamental Duties

(c) The Preamble

(d) Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) Directive Principles of State Policy

Q3. The Directive Principles of State Policy of the  Constitution of India is taken from the Constitution  of which country?

(a) Australia 

(b) America  

(c) France 

(d) Ireland

(d) Ireland

Q4. Directive Principles of State Policy are

(a) Justiciable 

(b) Non-Justiciable

(c) Fundamental Rights

(d) None of these

(b) Non-Justiciable

Q5. Which of the following is not a Fundamental Right?

(a) Right Against Exploitation

(b) Equal Pay for Equal Work  

(c) Equality Before Law  

(d) Right to Freedom of Religion

(b) Equal Pay for Equal Work.‘Equal Pay for Equal Work’ has been ensured in the Indian  Constitution in Article 39(d) enshrined in Part IV- Directive  Principle of State Policy.

Q6. Panchayati Raj System in India is laid down under 

(a) Fundamental Rights

(b) Fundamental Duties  

(c) Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) Election Commission Act

(c) Directive Principles of State Policy

Q7. Which one of the following Articles directs the State  Governments to organize the Panchayats?

(a) Article 33 

(b) Article 40  

(c) Article 48 

(d) Article 50

(b) Article 40

Q8. Which part of the Indian Constitution refers to the  responsibility of the state towards International Peace  and Security?

(a) Fundamental Rights  

(b) Fundamental Duties 

(c) Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) Preamble of the Constitution

(c)  Directive Principles of State Policy

Q9. Which Article of the Indian Constitution is related to  Indian Foreign Policy?

(a) Article 380 

(b) Article 312 

(c) Article 60 

(d) Article 51

(d) Article 51

Q10.In India, separation of judiciary from the executive  is enjoined by :

(a) the Preamble of the Constitution 

(b) a Directive Principles of State Policy  

(c) the Seventh Schedule  

(d) the conventional practice

(b) a Directive Principles of State Policy

Q11.Which one of the following is not a Directive Principle  of State Policy ?

(a) Prohibition of the consumption of Intoxicating Drinks  

(b) Cow-Protection  

(c) Environment-Protection

(d) Free Education to children up to the age of fourteen  (14)

(d) Free Education to children up to the age of fourteen  (14)

Q12. InWhich one of the following is a Directive Principle of  State Policy?

 (a) The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the  environment.

 (b) The State shall not deny equality to any person before  the law.

 (c) The State shall not discriminate against any person  on the grounds of religion, race, casts, sex or place or  birth.

 (d) Untouchability enforcement.

a) The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the  environment.

Q13. Which of the following Directive Principles of State  Policy was added to the Constitution at a later date?

(a) Organization of Village Panchayats

(b) Prohibition of Cow Slaughter

(c) Free Legal Aid 

(d) Uniform Civil Code

(c) Free Legal Aid

Q14. Which of the following is not included in the Directive  Principles of State Policy?

(a) Prohibition of Liquor

(b) Right to Work

(c) Equal Wage for Equal Work

(d) Right to Information

(d) Right to Information

Q15. Which one of the following is a Directive Principle of  the State Policy?

(a) Uniform Civil Code

(b) Freedom of the Press

(c) Freedom of the Religion

(d) Equality Before Law

(a) Uniform Civil Code

Q16. Which of the following is empowered to make law for  economic and social planning besides the infants and  minors in India?

(a) Only the Central Government

(b) Only the State Government

(c) Both the Central and State Governments  (d) Only the Local Governments

(c) Both the Central and State Governments

Q17. What is the primary purpose of Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution?

a) To provide fundamental rights to citizens

b) To guide the government in policy-making

c) To establish the judiciary

d) To ensure political representation

b) To guide the government in policy-making

Q18. Directive Principles are enumerated in which part of the Indian Constitution?

a) Part I

b) Part II

c) Part III

d) Part IV

d) Part IV

Q19. Which article of the Indian Constitution deals with Directive Principles of State Policy?

a) Article 12

b) Article 14

c) Article 36

d) Article 44

c) Article 36

Q20. Which Directive Principle emphasizes the separation of the judiciary from the executive?

a) Article 14

b) Article 44

c) Article 50

d) Article 39

c) Article 50

Q21. The Directive Principles are non-justiciable, which means they are not enforceable in a court of law.

a) True

b) False

a) True

Q22. Which Directive Principle aims to secure equal pay for equal work for both men and women?

a) Article 39

b) Article 43

c) Article 38

d) Article 46

b) Article 43

Q23. Which Directive Principle emphasizes the protection and improvement of the environment?

a) Article 48

b) Article 48A

c) Article 49

d) Article 45

b) Article 48A

Q24. Directive Principles are addressed to which organ of the government?

a) Legislature

b) Judiciary

c) Executive

d) All of the above

d) All of the above

Q25.What is the minimum age for employment in any factory or mine under Article 24 of the Directive Principles?

a) 14 years

b) 16 years

c) 18 years

d) 20 years

a) 14 years

Q26. Which Directive Principle emphasizes the provision of free and compulsory education for children up to the age of 14?

a) Article 45

b) Article 51A

c) Article 38

d) Article 43

a) Article 45

Q27. Which Directive Principle deals with the promotion of international peace and security?

a) Article 40

b) Article 51

c) Article 48A

d) Article 49

b) Article 51

Q28. The Directive Principles provide for the establishment of a uniform civil code throughout India.

a) True

b) False

b) False.

Q29. Which Directive Principle pertains to the protection of monuments and places and objects of artistic and historic interest?

a) Article 50

b) Article 49

c) Article 48

d) Article 41

b) Article 49

Q30. The Directive Principles aim to create a welfare state and promote the well-being of the people.

a) True

b) False

a) True

What is the purpose of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) in the Indian Constitution?

DPSPs aim to provide guidelines to the government on how to create a just and equitable society by promoting social and economic justice, welfare of citizens, and various other socio-economic and political goals

Are Directive Principles of State Policy legally enforceable?

No, DPSPs are not legally enforceable in the courts. They are non-justiciable, which means that citizens cannot approach the judiciary to ensure their implementation. However, they serve as a moral and political directive for the government.

How do Directive Principles differ from Fundamental Rights?

Fundamental Rights (Part III of the Indian Constitution) are legally enforceable rights that protect individual liberties, while DPSPs (Part IV) are non-justiciable principles that guide the government in achieving social and economic justice for all citizens.

Can the government ignore Directive Principles while making policies and laws?

No, the government is expected to consider DPSPs when formulating policies and legislation. Although not legally binding, they provide a framework for the state’s actions, and the government is encouraged to work towards realizing their objectives.

Can DPSPs be amended or modified?

Yes, DPSPs can be amended through constitutional amendments by the Indian Parliament. However, such amendments should not affect the basic structure of the Constitution, ensuring that the core principles of the Constitution remain intact.

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