Important Agriculture MCQs

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Agriculture in India is a critical sector of the country’s economy and plays a significant role in the livelihoods of millions of people.

Important Agriculture MCQs practice now

Here is a short note on agriculture in India:

  1. Agrarian Economy: India is primarily an agrarian economy, with a substantial portion of its population dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. Approximately 58% of the workforce is engaged in agriculture.
  2. Crop Diversity: India’s diverse climate and geography allow for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops, including rice, wheat, pulses, cotton, sugarcane, and oilseeds. This diversity ensures food security and income for many farmers.
  3. Challenges: Indian agriculture faces several challenges, including small and fragmented land holdings, inadequate irrigation facilities, reliance on monsoon rains, and the use of outdated farming techniques in some regions. These challenges can lead to yield fluctuations.
  4. Green Revolution: In the 1960s and 1970s, India experienced the Green Revolution, which significantly increased agricultural productivity through the introduction of high-yielding crop varieties, modern farming techniques, and improved irrigation.
  5. Genetically Modified Crops: India has been cautious in adopting genetically modified (GM) crops, with limited commercial cultivation of Bt cotton and Bt brinjal due to concerns about environmental and health impacts.
  6. Government Initiatives: The Indian government has launched various schemes and initiatives to support agriculture, such as the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) for direct income support to farmers and the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) for crop insurance.
  7. Export and Global Trade: India is a significant player in the global agricultural market, exporting various agricultural products such as rice, spices, and tea. It is also one of the largest milk producers in the world.
  8. Sustainable Agriculture: There is an increasing emphasis on sustainable and organic farming practices to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture and ensure long-term food security.
  9. Challenges in Modernization: Modernizing Indian agriculture is essential to increase productivity and reduce the income disparities in rural areas. This includes investing in infrastructure, providing better access to credit, and promoting agricultural research and education.
  10. Rural-Urban Migration: The agriculture sector has been facing challenges due to rural-to-urban migration as young people seek non-farm employment opportunities, leading to concerns about the aging farming population.

In summary, agriculture in India is a vital sector that sustains a large portion of the population. It has made significant progress, but challenges persist, and continued efforts are required to ensure food security, improve rural livelihoods, and make the sector more sustainable.

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Important Agriculture MCQs

Q1. Genetic industry includes :

(a) Agriculture 

(b) Fishing 

(c) Hunting 

(d) Mining

(a) Agriculture

Q2. Which one among the following is not an objective of food management in India?

(a) Distribution of food grains 

(b) Procurement of food grains 

(c) Maintenance of food grains buffer stock 

(d) Export of food grains

(d) Export of food grains

Q3. Suraj Dhara Yojana is :

(a) loan related 

(b) exchange of seeds

(c) tikakaran 

(d) insurance related

(b) exchange of seeds

Q4. Which of the following measures have been taken to make the agrarian structure conducive to agricultural growth?

(a) Abolition of Intermediaries 

(b) Tenancy reforms 

(c) Ceiling on land holdings 

(d) All of the above

(d) All of the above

Q5. Which of the following is the effective reason of slow agricultural development in India?

(a) Rural Poverty

(b) Urban Poverty 

(c) Skilled Labour 

(d) Migration from cities to villages

(a) Rural Poverty

Q6. Black soil of India is highly suited for the production of 

(a) Cotton crop 

(b) Paddy crop

(c) Sugarcane crop 

(d) Wheat crop

(a) Cotton crop

Q7. The share of agriculture and allied sectors in the Gross Domestic Product of India is :

(a) 22 percent 

(b) 80 percent 

(c) 33 percent 

(d) 18 percent

(d) 18 percent

Q8. The contribution of agriculture in Indian Economy is :

(a) increasing 

(b) decreasing 

(c) constant 

(d) None of the above

(b) decreasing

Q9. Which one of the following States has largest area under Soyabean cultivation ?

(a) Uttar Pradesh 

(b) Bihar 

(c) Madhya Pradesh 

(d) Maharashtra

(c) Madhya Pradesh

Q10. The net crop sown area in India is about :

(a) 12 crore hectares 

(b) 16 crore hectares 

(c) 14 crore hectares 

(d) 17 crore hectares

(c) 14 crore hectares

Q11. Under which Five Year Plan, did agriculture register a negative growth ?

(a) Third 

(b) Fifth 

(c) Seventh 

(d) Ninth

(a) Third

Q12. Which of the following is the largest vegetable producing country in the world?

(a) China 

(b) U.S.A.

(c) India 

(d) Brazil

(a) China

Q13. ‘Kashi Lalima’ is the variety of which of the following crops?

(a) Carrot 

(b) Okra/Lady finger 

(c) Onion 

(d) Tomato

(b) Okra/Lady finger

Q14. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      (Crop)        (Country) 

(a)  Rubber :     Thailand 

(b)  Coffee :       Mongolia 

(c)  Olive :         Spain 

(d)  Sugarcane :Brazil

(b)  Coffee :       Mongolia

Q15. Which State ensures the maximum production of Coffee in India?

(a) Maharashtra 

(b) Karnataka 

(c) Tamil Nadu 

(d) Kerala

(b) Karnataka

Q16. Which one of the following is the most valuable item in the agricultural export of India ?

(a) Oil cakes 

(b) Raw cotton 

(c) Rice 

(d) Spices

(c) Rice

Q17. The leading mulberry silk producing Indian State is :

(a) Andhra Pradesh 

(b) Tamil Nadu 

(c) Karnataka 

(d) West Bengal

(c) Karnataka

Q18. The country, which is the largest silk producer in the world, is :

(a) India 

(b) China 

(c) Brazil 

(d) Japan

(b) China

Q19. Agriculture income tax in India can be levied by :

(a) State Governments 

(b) Central Government 

(c) Local Governments 

(d) Central and State Government

(a) State Governments

Q20. India’s main agricultural import item is:

(a) Pulses 

(b) Coffee 

(c) Sugar 

(d) Edible oil

(d) Edible oil

Q21. What approximate percentage of  India’s labour force at present depends on agriculture for their livelihood?

(a) 50% 

(b) 65%

(c) 45% 

(d) 75%

(c) 45%

Q22. Which of the followings is not a cash crop?

(a) Jute 

(b) Groundnut 

(c) Jowar 

(d) Sugarcane

(c) Jowar

Q23. When was the National Horticulture Mission started?

(a) May, 2004 

(b) May, 2006 

(c) May, 2007 

(d) May, 2005

(d) May, 2005

Q24. hich one of the followings is not the objectives of ‘National Horticulture Mission’?

(a) Providing financial assistance 

(b) Achieving higher growth in horticulture (c) Post-harvest management 

(d) Human Resource Development

(a) Providing financial assistance

Q25. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of fish in the world?

(a) Japan 

(b) China 

(c) Russia 

(d) USA

(b) China

Q26. The ‘blue revolution’ is related with :

(a) foodgrain production 

(b) oilseed production 

(c) milk production 

(d) fish production

(d) fish production

Q27. Operation Flood is related to which of the following  

(a) Flood control 

(b) Milk production 

(c) Fish production 

(d) Arrangement of drinking water

(b) Milk production

Q28. Which one of the following agriculture practices is eco-friendly?

(a) Cultivation of high yielding varieties

(b) Growing plants in glass houses (c) Shifting cultivation 

(d) Organic farming

(d) Organic farming

Q29. Crop Insurance Scheme in India was started in :

(a) 1945 

(b) 1980 

(c) 1985 

(d) 1988

(c) 1985

Q30. National Agricultural Insurance Scheme was launched in the year :

(a) 1995-96 

(b) 1998-99

(c) 1999-2000 

(d) 2001-02

(c) 1999-2000

Q31. Weather Based Crop Insurance scheme was first implemented in :

(a) Haryana 

(b) Karnataka 

(c) Punjab 

(d) Tamil Nadu

(b) Karnataka

Q32. Hariyali Yojana is related to :

(a) Crop Management 

(b) Soil Management 

(c) Water Management 

(d) Forest Management

(c) Water Management (launched in 2003)

Q33. Handbook of Agriculture is published from :

(a) I.A.R.I. 

(b) I.C.A.R.

(c) U.P.C.A.R. 

(d) I.C.S.I.R.

(b) I.C.A.R- Indian Council of Agricultural Research

Q34. Golden rice has been made richer in – 

(a) Vitamin A 

(b) Vitamin B 

(c) Vitamin D 

(d) Vitamin E

(a) Vitamin A

Q35. Demand of agricultural products is found to be :

(a) Elastic 

(b) Zero elastic 

(c) Inelastic 

(d) Infinite elastic 

(c) Inelastic

Q36. First Agricultural University in India was established at :

(a) Pantnagar 

(b) Ludhiana 

(c) Jabalpur 

(d) Kanpur

(a) Pantnagar Uttrakhand (G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology is the first agricultural university of India 1960)

Q37. Indian Institute of Vegetable Research is located at – 

(a) Varanasi 

(b) Lucknow 

(c) Mysore 

(d) Bengaluru

(a) Varanasi

Q38. Central Food Technological Research Institute is located at :

(a) Bangalore 

(b) Mysore 

(c) Chennai 

(d) Hyderabad

(b) Mysore

Q39. National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM) is located at :

(a) New Delhi

(b) Hyderabad 

(c) Nagpur 

(d) Nainital

(a) New Delhi

Q40. Which of the following makes recommendation regarding fixing of minimum support price for various crops?

(a) Indian Council of Agricultural Research 

(b) NABARD 

(c) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices

(d) Indian Agricultural Research Institute

(c) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices

Q41. Which one among the following is not a cash crop ?

(a) Tobacco 

(b) Cotton 

(c) Soyabean

(d) Rubber

(c) Soyabean

Q42. Which of the following  is the main principle of agriculture finance?

(a) Purpose 

(b) Person 

(c) Productivity planning 

(d) All of the above

(d) All of the above

Q43. Which is not a source of agricultural finance in India?

(a) Co-operative Societies 

(b) Commercial Banks 

(c) Regional Rural Banks

(d) None of these

(d) None of these

Q44. Kisan Credit Card Scheme was announced in the year :

(a) 2004-05 

(b) 2000-01 

(c) 1998-99

(d) 1995-96

(c) 1998-99

What is agriculture?

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating crops, raising livestock, and other activities involved in the production of food, fiber, and other products used to sustain human life.

Why is sustainable agriculture important?

Sustainable agriculture is vital because it ensures that agricultural practices do not deplete natural resources, harm the environment, or compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own food and resource needs. It promotes long-term food security and environmental health

How does climate change affect agriculture?

Climate change can impact agriculture by altering weather patterns, leading to more frequent and severe weather events like droughts and floods. Shifts in temperature and precipitation can affect crop yields and the availability of water for irrigation.

What are GMOs in agriculture, and are they safe to eat?

GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) are crops or animals whose genetic material has been altered through genetic engineering. The safety of GMOs for consumption remains a subject of debate. Many scientific studies suggest they are safe, but concerns about their long-term effects on health and the environment persist.

How does mechanization impact agriculture?

Mechanization in agriculture involves the use of machines and technology to streamline farming processes. It can increase efficiency, reduce labor requirements, and improve crop yields. However, it may also lead to job displacement in rural areas and raise concerns about its environmental impact.

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