Major Cities situated on River Banks in India in 2024

5/5 - (4 votes)

Major Cities situated on River Banks in India in 2024. Since times immemorial, India’s identity has been profoundly shaped by sacred rivers spanning the subcontinent in intricate networks. Besides the gentle streams and mighty water channels have sprung iconic cities intricately tied to the rivers’ blessings and bounty to the Cities situated on River Banks.

The Ganges, curling over 2,500 kilometers across northern plains has long sustained bastions of culture and commerce like Varanasi, Patna, and Kolkata on her fruitful banks. Southern rivers like the serpentine Narmada nourishingly flow by emerging settlements, now transformed into flourishing urban centers flanking the waterways.

Rivers have charted the course of human civilizations in India by providing sustenance, transport, livelihoods, and more. In return, cities nestled along rivers must serve as stewards, ensuring development does not compromise the ecological vitality of their riparian life source. Preserving the balance between urban growth and keeping our rivers pristine remains an ethical imperative for sustainable futures.

Major Cities situated on River Banks in India

India is a country blessed with numerous rivers that have nourished civilization for thousands of years. Many of India’s great cities have arisen along the fertile banks of these waterways that have provided natural resources, trade routes, and life-giving water. From north to south and east to west, rivers have played a vital role in the development of urban centers that have served as political capitals, economic hubs, and cultural cradles of Indian society.

In this list, we will explore some of the most prominent Indian cities that have grown up alongside the great rivers of the subcontinent. These riverside metropoles represent the diversity of India, from the mighty Ganges that gave rise to the holy city of Varanasi to the snaking Godavari that passes through Hyderabad, the pearl of the south.

The rivers have provided water for drinking and irrigation, transportation networks for trade and communication, and the soul of Indian culture and religion. As we travel down these watery avenues past the major population centers located on their banks, we can witness the richness and splendor of Indian urban life that has flourished on the frontier of land and water since ancient times. Here is a table of Major Cities situated on River Banks in India in 2024

KolkataHooghly (Ganges)
AllahabadYamuna, Ganges
MumbaiMithi, Ulhas
PuneMula, Mutha
ChennaiCooum, Adyar
BangaloreVrishabhavathi, Arkavathi
KolkataHooghly (Ganges)
NagpurNag River
AhmednagarSina, Kukadi
VaranasiVaruna, Assi (tributaries of Ganges)
Major Cities situated on River Banks in India in 2024

Cities on the Ganges River Banks


The spiritual capital of India, Varanasi is situated along the Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. Its historic ghats, vibrant temple rituals along the riverside, and the acclaimed Benaras Hindu University make it a religious and cultural hub. Millions bathe in the holy Ganges here to wash away their sins. The majestic ruins of ancient settlements have proven existence since antiquity.


The capital of Bihar, Patna lies on the southern banks of the Ganges. Situated along fertile Indo-Gangetic plains, Patna emerged as an important center of political power, trade and governance for empires from Maurya to Mughals, as evidenced through ancient ruins. It continues to be Bihar’s most vital hub today.


The capital of West Bengal, Kolkata is located on the eastern banks of the Hooghly river – a distributary of the Ganges flowing through the state. Once the capital of British India, Kolkata retains architectural influences as seen in landmarks like the Victoria Memorial and Howrah Bridge. As a major port city, Kolkata sustained as Bengal’s vibrant commercial, economic, and cultural center through the ages. Its annual Durga Puja celebrations reverberate globally.

Cities on the Banks of the River Yamuna


The capital city Delhi is situated on the banks of Yamuna, with the river defining its eastern border. Originating from Yamunotri in the lower Himalayas, the Yamuna has sustained Delhi’s water needs enabling it to flourish into a burgeoning metropolis today and power India’s growth. But increasing pollution threatens the river’s future.


The birthplace of Lord Krishna, Mathura lies on the western banks of the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. Its various heritage temples and ghats where devotees gather for prayers and ritual bathing reflect the holiness of the city tied to Yamuna’s sacred waters. Mathura finds mention across Hindu epics and scriptures since antiquity.


Famed for the iconic Taj Mahal on Yamuna’s banks, the city of Agra brilliantly combines heritage and natural beauty. The Yamuna-nourished Mughal bastion showcases stunning marble architecture through monuments like Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri dotting her elegantly curving riverbanks, now a protected eco-sensitive zone to conserve biodiversity.

The Yamuna remains the lifeline enabling the creation and preservation of this magnificent human heritage across major cities in its vicinity.

Best Books to Read Indian Geography Check here

Summary of Indian cities situated along key rivers.

The interwoven history of urban centers nestled along rivers underlines their immense cultural, commercial, and environmental significance in India.

Cities flanking rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna, and Narmada have flourished into religious Epicenters, trade hubs, and modern metropoles while deriving sustenance from these aquatic arteries over millennia. The waterways enabled rapid growth yet also provided serenity manifesting as ghats, temples, and heritage monuments gracing the banks.

As this symbiotic ecological linkage persists to date, preserving the holiness and purity of India’s rivers dictates sustainable development policies balancing expanding urban needs and environmental conservation.

The future of iconic cities like Agra, Patna, or Nasik is inseparable from the health of the Yamuna, Ganges, and Godavari rivers nurturing them respectively. Only by actively protecting the riparian ecosystems that have charted the prosperity of riverbank cities since the dawn of civilization will India retain her rich legacy shaped by the sacred waters, now integral to national identity.

The synopsis highlights how historically major Indian cities evolved along rivers that sustained them, shaping culture and economy. It emphasizes pursuing ecologically balanced growth policies by these cities to ensure future prosperity and retain India’s river-linked heritage.

Does India have any planned riverbank cities similar to Amaravati by 2024?

Yes, India aims to develop two major land-pooled smart cities on riverbanks by 2024 – Amaravati on the Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh and Surat Diamond Bourse on the Tapi riverbank in Gujarat. Both prioritize ecology and innovation.

How can riverbank cities balance growth and conservation by 2024?

Strategies include shifting to sustainable models like sewage treatment plants, regulating riverbed construction, curbing commercial activity in protected zones, banning plastic usage and enabling afforestation drives along riversides. Community participation is key.

What are some environmental issues facing riverbank cities in 2024?

Major issues threatening urban river ecology in 2024 are untreated sewage disposal, industrial effluent pollution, riverbank encroachment, sand mining, waste dumping and river water contamination. These impact natural habitats and human health

Which river has the most cities situated on its banks in India?

The Ganges river has the highest number of major cities located on its banks within India. Prominent Ganges riverbank cities include Varanasi, Patna, Kolkata, Kanpur, Prayagraj, Haridwar, and Rishikesh.

How are riverbank cities technology for water conservation by 2024?

Initiatives in cities like Chennai and Delhi by 2024 utilize IoT sensors to monitor river pollution levels, AI to coordinate cleaning drives, mobile apps to report waste dumping and drone surveillance for preventing illegal encroachment of riverbeds.

Leave a Comment