MCQs on Culture of Jammu and Kashmir

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The culture of Jammu and Kashmir is a rich and diverse tapestry woven from the threads of various ethnicities, languages, religions, and traditions. Situated in the northern part of India, this region has been influenced by its geographical location and historical interactions with neighboring countries.

MCQs on Culture of Jammu and Kashmir practice now

  1. Ethnic Diversity: Jammu and Kashmir is home to a variety of ethnic groups, including Kashmiris, Dogras, Ladakhis, and Gujjars, each with their distinct customs and traditions.
  2. Religious Harmony: The region boasts a unique religious harmony, with a blend of Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism. While Islam is the predominant religion, Hinduism has a significant presence, particularly in Jammu, and Buddhism is practiced mainly in Ladakh.
  3. Languages and Literature: Kashmiri, Dogri, and Ladakhi are the primary languages spoken in different parts of the region. The state has a rich literary heritage, with contributions in various languages, including the famous Persian poetess Lal Ded and the mystic saint Sheikh Noor-ud-din Noorani, known as Nund Rishi.
  4. Art and Craft: Jammu and Kashmir are renowned for their intricate handicrafts. The valley is famous for its Pashmina shawls, carpets, and exquisite handwoven textiles. Additionally, the region produces beautiful wooden carvings and intricate papier-mâché items.
  5. Cuisine: The cuisine of Jammu and Kashmir is a reflection of its diverse cultural influences. Wazwan, a traditional multi-course feast, is a highlight, featuring rich meat-based dishes like Rogan Josh and Yakhni. In contrast, the Kashmiri Pandit cuisine offers a variety of vegetarian delights.
  6. Festivals and Celebrations: The region celebrates a range of festivals that showcase its cultural richness. The annual Amarnath Yatra, Hemis Festival in Ladakh, Baisakhi, and Navreh (Kashmiri New Year) are some of the prominent celebrations.
  7. Music and Dance: The region boasts a vibrant musical heritage with traditional instruments like the Santoor and Rabab. Various folk songs and dances, such as Rouf in Kashmir and Bhakh in Jammu, are intrinsic to the cultural fabric.
  8. Traditional Attire: The traditional attire varies across different communities. While the Kashmiri Pheran is a distinctive garment worn in the valley, Ladakhi attire reflects the harsh climatic conditions, often involving heavy woolen clothing.
  9. Natural Beauty: The breathtaking landscapes of Jammu and Kashmir have deeply influenced its culture. The stunning valleys, snow-capped mountains, and serene lakes have been a source of inspiration for artists, poets, and writers for centuries.
  10. Challenges: Over the years, the region has faced social, political, and economic challenges that have impacted its cultural dynamics. Conflict and displacement have led to changes in traditional ways of life and the loss of cultural heritage.

In essence, the culture of Jammu and Kashmir is a mosaic of identities and traditions, shaped by history, geography, and its diverse populace. It remains an essential part of India’s cultural landscape, reflecting the beauty and complexity of human experience in this Himalayan region.

MCQs on Culture of Jammu and Kashmir

Mcqs on Culture of Jammu and Kashmir

1. In the kashmir valley Shivaratri is also known as
A. Tila Ashtami
B.Naw Warih
C. Herat
D.Achhen Trai


2. Name the folk dance of Kashmir in which two groups of ladies facing each other with arms locked around one another’s backs sing alternately.
A. Bacha Nagma
B. Rouf
C. Wanwun
D. Hikat

B. Rouf

3. This dance has been introduced into kashmir from Afghanistan name the dance
A. Hafiz Nagma
B. Bacha Nagma
C. Hikat
D. Rouf

B. Bacha Nagma

4.The Hafiz Nagma dance was introduced in Kashmir by?
A. Mughals
B. Chaks
C. Turks
D. Afghans


5. Where from sufiyana music came to Kashmir?
A. Turkey
B. Iran
C. Afghanistan
D. Iraq

B. Iran

6. In this folk dance of kashmir Naghara (drum) is beaten and surnai (a kind of Shehnai) is blown, name the dance?
A. Ladishah
B. Bacha nagma
C. Bhand pather
D. Dumbaeli

D. Dumbaeli

7. Ladishah adds music to his songs by a special musical instrument called?
A. Garaha
B. Wasool
C. Dehra
D. Tabla

B. Dehra

8. In this folk dance of Kashmir no female actress  takes part, the female character is performed by a handsome boy
A. Wanwon
B. Ladishah
C. Bhand pather
D. None of the above

C. Bhand pather pather

9. This kashmiri folk dance is performed by two girls by joining their hands which dance is this?
A. Hikat
B. Weugi- Nachun
C. Wanwon
D. Bhand jashna

A. Hikat

10. This is a marriage dance and is common among Kashmiri pandits
A. Hikat
B.. Weugi Nachun
C. Wanwon
D. Bacha Nagma

B. Weugi Nachun

11. Pandit Bhajan Sopori is notable player of
A. Rabab
B. Sitar
C. Tabla
D. Santoor

D. Santoor

12. Which musical instrument was introduced by Zain ul Abidain from Turkistan?
A. Santoor
B. Rabab
C. Tumbaknari
D. Sharan

B. Rabab

13. Which type of dance Kud  is
A. Classical
B. Folk
C. Ritual
D. Festival

C. Ritual

14. Which dance of Jammu is performed during lohri festival?
A. Heren
B. Kud
C. Geetru
D. Dogra Bangra

A. Heren

15. This dance is a chorus singing tradition performed by the tribe called Gujjar and Bakarwals.
A. Surma
B. Hikat
C. Benthe
D. None of the above

C. Benthe

16. Jabro is a dance of which region?
A. Jammu
B. Kashmir
C. Punjab
D. Ladakh

D. Ladakh

17. Pashmina Shawl is the world famous shawl and its fabric is extracted from
A. Sheep
B. Yak
C. Goat
D. All of these

C. Goat

18. The carpet industry was introduced into the Kashmir valley by Sultan zain ul Abidien from?
A. Turkistan
B. Afghanistan
C. Tazakistan
D. Iran

D. Iran

19. An exclusive craft in copperware known in kashmiri as
A. Kashdagari
B. Kandkari
C. Phul kari
D. Papier mache

B. Kandkari

20. Binna is the straw craft of which place of J&K?
A. Reasi
B. Budgam
C. Kishitiwar
D. Rajouri

C. Kistiwar     

21. Kashmiri language belongs to which language group?
(a) Sino-Tibetan
(b) Indo-European
(c) Dardic
(d) Both (b) and (c)

D. Both b and c

22.Which of the following language made Zain ul Abidien his court language?
A. Sanskrit
B. Arabic
C. Persian
D. Pali

C. Persian

23.Lal Ded’s poetry is in the form of ?
A. Shurks
B. Vaakhs
C. Nazaams
D. All of these

B. Vaakhs

24. Who was the first Muslim saint of Kashmir who assume the title of Reshi?
A. Bul bul Shah
B. Sultan ul Arfeen
C. Sheikh Nur – ud – din -Wali
D. None of the above

C.Sheikh  Nur ud din wali

25.Who minted currency in Sheikh Nur – Ud – Din’s name as a mark of respect?
A. Atta  Mohammad Khan
B. Nadir Shah
C. Sultan Zain ul Abidien
D. Ahamd Shah Abdaali

A. Atta Mohammad khan

26. Who is known as the ” Nightingale of Kashmir ” ?
A. Arnimal
B. Habba khatoon
C. Kotta Rani
D. Kral koor

B. Habba Khatoon

27.Lol Lyric was Popularised by?
A. Mahmood Gami
B. Mahjoor
C. Habba khatoon
D. Rasool Mir

C. Habba Khatoon

28. Who is known as father of Kashmiri Gazal?
A. Rasul Mir
B. Mahmood Gami
C. Mahjoor
D. Abdul Ahad Azad

A. Rasul Mir

29. Who called Mahjoor the words worth of Kashmir?
A. Sri Aurobindo
B. Makhanlal Chaturvedi
C. Sarojini Naidu
D. Rabindranath Tagore

D. Rabindranath Tagore

30.”The flower of Nishat Bagh” Whose poem is this?
A. Mahjoor
B. Rasul Mir
C. Samad Mir
D. None of the above

A. Mahjoor

31. Who is popularly known as Master Ji ?
A. Dina Nath Nadim
B. Abdul Ahad Azad
C. Zinda koul
D. Rehman Rahi

C. Zinda koul

32. Who is the first winner of Sahitya Academy Award for Kashmiri language in 1956 ?
A. Zinda koul
B. Abdur Rehman Rahi
C. Abdul Ahad Azad
D. Dina Nath Nadim

A. Zinda koul

33. The first Kashmiri writer to be awarded the Jnanprit Award?
A. Amin kamil
B. Dina Nath Nadim
C. Abdur Rahman Rahi
D. Zinda Koul

C.Abdur Rahman Rahi

34. Who translated ‘Akbarnama’ into Kashmiri language?
(a) Prakasarama
(b) Mahmud Gami
(c) Abdul Wahab Pare
(d) Waliullah Matoo

C. Abdul Wahab Pare

35. Who translated ‘Bhagwat Gita’ into Kashmiri Language?
(a) Pandit Narayan Khar
(b) Dina Nath Nadim
(c) Paramananda
(d) Waliullah Matoo

A. Pandit Nayaran Khar

36.Who got 2017 Sahitya Akademi Award (Yuva Puraskur) for Kashmiri poetry?
(a) Nund Reshi
(b) Rasool Mir
(c) Nighat Sahiba
(d) Zinda Kaul

C.Nighat Sahiba 

37. Who got the title ‘Shayar-e-Kashmir’?
(a) Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor
(b) Rasool Mir
(c) Parmananda
(d) Zinda Kaul

A. Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor

38. Neem Kalam is a type of
(a) embroidery
(b) Persian technique
(c) wood work
(d) papier mache work

B. Persian technique

39.Kal baffi is a type of
(a) Knotted carpet
(b) embroidery work
(c) papier mache work
(d) wood work

A. Knotted carpet

40. Sondus is a type of
(a) Wood work
(b) Embroidery work
(c) Wedding ornament
(d) None of the above

C. Wedding ornament

41.Walnut wood craft was introduced in Kashmir by
(a) Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom
(b) Zain-ul-Abidin
(c) Akbar
(d) Raja Kirpal Pal

A. Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom

42.Cane and bamboo are used in Jammu and Kashmir for
(a) Making decorative objects
(b) Making utilitarian objects
(c) Making houseboats
(d) Both (a) and (b)

D. Both A and B

43. Which song is very famous among the farmers of Kashmir region?
(a) Nend Baith
(b) Ladishah
(c) Surma
(d) Jagarana

A. Nend Baith

44. What is ‘Bhand Pather’ of Jammu and Kashmir?
(a) Folk song
(b) Folk dance
(c) Folk theatre
(d) Festival

C. Folk theatre

45.Which mela / fair is celebrated twice a year,
once in March or April and second in September or October?
(a) Bahu Mela
(b) Puramandal Mela
(c) Tihar
(d) Jhiri

A. Bahu Mela

46. Which festival is the most famous in Ladakh region?
(a) Losar
(b) Dosmoche
(c) Matho Nagrang
(d) Baisakhi

A. Losar

47.Name the festival in which local people showcease their handicrafts, cuisines and culture.
(a) Gurez festival
(b) Shikara festival
(c) Saffron festival
(d) None of these

A. Gurez festival

48. Which of the following is a festival of Bhaderwah Kishtwar region ?
(a) Jhiri
(b) Hemis
(c) Tihar
(d) Kheer Bhawani


49. Lohri is celebrated on
(a) 1st March
(b) 10th December
(c) 13th January
(d) 9th June

C. 13th January

50. In which month saffron festival is celebrated?
A. April
B. November
C. August
D. October

B. November

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What is the unique blend of cultures in Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir is known for its diverse cultural heritage, which is a result of the amalgamation of various ethnicities, languages, and religious beliefs. The region has been influenced by Hindu, Muslim, and Buddhist traditions, leading to a rich and harmonious cultural tapestry

What are the traditional art forms of Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir boast several traditional art forms, including Kashmiri carpet weaving, Pashmina shawl embroidery, papier-mâché crafts, and Khatamband woodwork. These art forms have been passed down through generations and are integral to the cultural identity of the region

How does the cuisine of Jammu and Kashmir reflect its culture?

The cuisine of Jammu and Kashmir is a reflection of its diverse cultural influences. Wazwan, a multi-course meal featuring various meat-based dishes, is a highlight of Kashmiri cuisine. The use of aromatic spices like saffron, cardamom, and cinnamon is a distinctive feature. Additionally, the region is famous for its traditional teas like Kahwa and Noon Chai, which hold cultural significance.

What are the major festivals celebrated in Jammu and Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir celebrate a wide array of festivals. Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are important Islamic festivals celebrated with fervor. Lohri and Baisakhi are popular Sikh festivals, while Navaratri is significant for Hindus. Additionally, the annual Amarnath Yatra, a pilgrimage to the Amarnath Cave, draws devotees from across the country.

What role does traditional music play in the culture of Jammu and Kashmir?

Traditional music holds a significant place in the culture of Jammu and Kashmir. The region is known for its diverse musical forms, including classical, folk, and Sufi music. The Kashmir Valley has a rich tradition of Sufiyana Kalam, a genre of devotional music that emphasizes spiritual and mystical themes. The santoor, a traditional stringed instrument, is closely associated with Kashmiri music.

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