MCQs on Gupta and Post Gupta Period

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Considered by many to be the pinnacle of ancient Indian history, the Gupta Period (c. 4th–6th century CE) saw notable developments in science, literature, art, and architecture. Many dynasties rose and fell throughout the Post-Gupta Period that followed, each leaving a lasting impression on the subcontinent’s political and cultural environment.

MCQs on Gupta and Post Gupta Period Practice Now

We have put together a set of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) on the Gupta and Post-Gupta Period to assess your knowledge and comprehension of these important historical periods. These multiple-choice questions will test your knowledge of significant historical occurrences, well-known leaders, magnificent buildings, and the sociocultural environments that influenced these periods. These multiple-choice questions (MCQs) can be a useful tool for students, history enthusiasts, and test takers to assess their understanding and solidify their knowledge.

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Gupta empire and post Gupta period MCQs

Q1. Gupta dynasty ruled during :

(a) 319-500 A.D

(b) 319-324 A.D

(c) 325-375 A.D

(d) 566-597 A.D

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(a) 319-500 A. D

Q2. Who is known as the Napoleon of India?

(a) Chandragupta Maurya

(b) Chandragupta- II Vikramaditya

(c) Great Ashoka  

(d) Samudragupta

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(d) Samudragupta

Q3. Who among the following Gupta Kings had another  name Devagupta ?

(a) Samudragupta 

(b) Chandragupta- II

(c) Kumaragupta 

(d) None of the above

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(b) Chandragupta- II

Q4. The first Gupta ruler to assume the title of “Param  Bhagavata” was 

(a)  Chandragupta- I 

(b)  Samudragupta

(c)  Chandragupta- II 

(d)  Srigupta

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(b)  Samudragupta

Q5. The Ashoka Pillar at Allahabad provides information  about the reign of ?   (a) Chandragupta Maurya

(b) Chandragupta- I 

(c) Chandragupta- II  

(d) Samudragupta

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(d) Samudragupta

Q6. Who founded the Gupta Empire?

a) Chandragupta I

b) Samudragupta

c) Chandragupta II

d) Skandagupta

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a) Chandragupta I

Q7. An inscription by which of the following is found on the  pillar containing Prayag Prasasti of Samudragupta?

(a) Jahangir

(b) Shahjahan

(c) Aurangzeb 

(d) Dara Shikoh

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(a) Jahangir

Q8. ‘Prithivyah Pratham Veer’ was the title of 

(a) Samudragupta

(b) Rajendra- I  

(c) Amoghavarsha 

(d) Gautamiputra Shatkarni

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(a) Samudragupta

Q9. The Hunas invaded India during the reign of :

(a) Chandragupta-II

(b) Kumaragupta-I 

(c) Skandagupta

(d) Budhagupta

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(c) Skandagupta

Q10. Who is known as ‘Saka-conqueror’?

(a) Chandragupta- I 

(b) Samudragupta  

(c) Chandragupta- II

(d) Kumaragupta

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(c) Chandragupta- II

Q11. The capital of the Gupta Empire was located at:

a) Pataliputra

b) Ujjain

c) Kanauj

d) Varanasi

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b) Ujjain

Q12. The famous Iron Pillar of Delhi was erected during the reign of:

a) Chandragupta I

b) Samudragupta

c) Chandragupta II

d) Skandagupta

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c) Chandragupta II

Q13. Who was the fi rst Gupta ruler to issue silver coins?

(a) Chandragupta- I 

(b) Samudragupta 

(c) Chandragupta- II

(d) Kumargupta

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(c) Chandragupta- II

Q14. Who among the following is NOT associated with  medicine in ancient India?

(a) Dhanvantari 

(b) Bhaskaracharya

(c) Charaka 

(d)  Susruta

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(b) Bhaskaracharya

Q15. Who of the following among the Nine Gems of  Chandragupta was associated with Astrology ?

(a) Vararuchi  

(h) Sanku  

(c) Kshapanak

(d) Amar Singh

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(c) Kshapanak

Q16. Kalidasa was in the ruling period of

(a) Samudragupta 

(b) Ashoka

(c) Chandragupta- I 

(d) Chandragupta- II

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(d) Chandragupta- II

Q17. Gupta gold coin was called

(a) Karshapana 

(b) Dinara

(c) Nishka  

(d) Suvarna

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(b) Dinara

Q18.The silver coins issued by the Guptas were called :

(a) Karshapana 

(b) Dinara

(c) Rupaka

(d) Nisc

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(c) Rupaka

Q19. Who of the following was the fi rst Gupta ruler to issue  coins ?

(a) Chandragupta-I

(b) Ghatotkacha 

(c) Samudragupta 

L(d) Srigupta

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(a) Chandragupta-I

Q20. Which one of the following is the main teaching of Gita?

(a) Karma yoga 

(b) Gyan yoga  

(c) Bhakti yoga 

(d) Nishkama karma yoga

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(d) Nishkama karma yoga

Q21. The Chinese traveler Fa-Hien visited India during the reign of:

a) Chandragupta I

b) Samudragupta

c) Chandragupta II

d) Skandagupta

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c) Chandragupta II

Q22. The celebrated Hindu philosopher Aryabhatta lived during the reign of:

a) Chandragupta I

b) Samudragupta

c) Chandragupta II

d) Skandagupta

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c) Chandragupta II

Q23. The Pala dynasty rose to prominence after the decline of the:

a) Mauryas

b) Kushanas

c) Guptas

d) Mughals

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c) Guptas

Q24. The fi rst inscriptional evidence of the Satipratha has  been found from 

(a) Eran

(b) Junagarh

(c) Mandsaur 

(d) Sanchi

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(a) Eran

Q25. Who established Gupta Samvat?

(a) Chandragupta- I

(b) Srigupta  

(c) Chandragupta- II 

(d)  Ghatotkach

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(a) Chandragupta- I

Q26. Which ruling dynasty donated maximum villages to  temples and Brahmins?

(a) Gupta Dynasty 

(b) Pala Dynasty

(c) Rashtrakuta

(d) Pratihara

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(b) Pala Dynasty

Q27. What was the land revenue rate in Gupta age?

(a) Fourth part of the production

(b) Sixth part of the production

(c) Eighth part of the production

(d) Half part of the production

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(b) Sixth part of the production

Q28. The Gupta Empire granted tax-free agrarian land to  which of the following?

(a) Military officials 

(b) Civil officials 

(c) Brahmins

(d) Courts scholars

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(c) Brahmins

Q29. The famous Deogarh rock-cut temples were built during the reign of the:

a) Guptas

b) Palas

c) Pratiharas

d) Rashtrakutas

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c) Pratiharas

Q30. In Ancient India, which dynasty’s rule is considered  as the Golden Age?

(a) Mauryan

(b) Shunga

(c) Gupta

(d) Magadha

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(c) Gupta

Q31. The Pratiharas were successors of the:

a) Mauryas

b) Kushans

c) Guptas

d) Cholas

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c) Guptas

Q32. Which type of land was called ‘Aprahat’?

 (a) Without cultivated forest land

 (b) Irrigated land

 (c) Dense forest land

 (d) Cultivated land

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(a) Without cultivated forest land

Q33. With reference to the history of India, the terms  “kulyavapa” and “dronavapa” denote

(a) measurement of land

(b) coins of different monetary value  (c) classification of urban land 

(d) religious rituals

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(a) measurement of land

Q34. In ancient India, the irrigation tax was called 

(a) Bidakabhagam

(b) Hiranya

(c) Udranga 

(d) Uparnika

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(a) Bidakabhagam

Q35. Tormad was from the racial group of 

(a) Sithian

(b) Huna

(c) Yaochi 

(d) Saka

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(b) Huna

Q36. In ancient period, which Varna was also called as  ‘Sarthavaha’?

(a) Brahmana

(b) Kshatriya

(c) Vaishya

(d) Shudra

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(c) Vaishya

Q37.  The game of ‘Chess’ is said to have originated in 

(a) China 

(b) Iran

(c) Indonesia 

(d) India

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(d) India

Q38. The Rashtrakuta dynasty rose to power in the:

a) Northern India

b) Central India

c) Eastern India

d) Deccan

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d) Deccan

Q39. The famous Kailashnath temple at Ellora was built by the:

a) Chalukyas

b) Pallavas

c) Rashtrakutas

d) Cholas

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c) Rashtrakutas

Q40. The Gurjara-Pratiharas were ultimately overthrown by:

a) Palas

b) Rashtrakutas

c) Chahamanas

d) Ghaznavids

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d) Ghaznavids

Q41. ‘Sankhya’ Philosophy is propounded by 

(a) Gautam

(b) Jaimini 

(c) Kapila

(d) Patanjali

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(c) Kapila

Q42. Who propagated ‘Yoga Darshan’?

(a) Patanjali

(b) Gautam  

(c) Jaimini 

(d) Shankaracharya

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(a) Patanjali

Q43. When is International Yoga Day celebrated ?

(a) 2 April 

(b) 21 June  

(c) 5 June 

(d) 21 May

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(b) 21 June

Q44. Which one of the following is the highest value according  to Charvaka?

(a) Dharma 

(b) Artha  

(c) Kama

(d) Moksha

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(c) Kama

Q45. The Nyaya Philosophical system was propagated by:

(a) Charvaka 

(b) Gautama

(c) Kapila 

(d) Jaimini

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(b) Gautama

Q46. Mimansa was initiated by

(a) Kanad 

(b) Vasistha  

(c) Vishwamitra 

(d) Jaimini

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(d) Jaimini

Q47. The theory of Karma is related with :

 (a) Nyaya

(b) Mimansa

(c) Vedanta 

,(d) Vaisheshika

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(b) Mimansa

Q48. Al-Masudi was an Arab traveler who visited India during the reign of:

a) Palas

b) Pratiharas

c) Rashtrakutas

d) Chalukyas

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b) Pratiharas

Q49. The Rashtrakuta ruler Krishna III was defeated by:

a) Dharmapala

b) Chalukyas

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

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c) Both a and b

Q50. The Chola ruler Rajaraja I conquered:

a) Gujarat

b) Kalinga

c) Sri Lanka

d) Malwa

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c) Sri Lanka

Q51. The Founder of Advait Philosophy is 

(a) Sankaracharya

(b) Ramanujacharya

(c) Madhvacharya 

(d) Mahatma Buddha

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(a) Sankaracharya

Q52. Who among the following is called the founder of  Indian Atomism?

(a) Maharshi Kapil

(b) Maharshi Goutam  

(c) Maharshi Kanad

(d) Maharshi Patanjali

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(c) Maharshi Kanad

Q53. Which of the following philosophies of India propounded the atom theory?

(a) Yoga 

(b) Nyaya  

(c) Sankhya  

(d) Vaisheshika

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(d) Vaisheshika

Q54.The Capital of Maukhari was 

(a) Thanesar 

(b) Kannauj

(c) Purushpur 

(d) None of the above

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(b) Kannauj

Q55. Among the following rulers who had defeated  Harshavardhana?

(a) Kirtivarman II 

(b) Vikramaditya II  

(c) Pulkeshin I 

(d) Pulakeshin II

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(d) Pulakeshin II

Q56. In whose reign-period the Chinese Traveller HiuenTsang visited India ?

(a) Chandragupta – II 

(b) Harsh

(c) Chandragupta Maurya 

(d) Chandragupta- I

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(b) Harsh

Q57. The famous Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hien visited India  during the reign of -:

(a) Chandragupta I  

(b) Chandragupta II

(c) Ramagupta  

(d) Srigupta

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(b) Chandragupta II

Q58. Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang studied at the University  of 

(a) Taxila 

(b) Vikramshila  

(c) Magadh 

(d) Nalanda

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(d) Nalanda

Q59. The term ‘Kausheya’ has been used for 

(a) Cotton 

(b) Flax  

(c) Silk

(d) Wool

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(c) Silk

Q60. Chinese writers  mention India by the name of

(a) Fo-Kwo-ki 

(b) Yin-tu

(c) Si-Yu-Ki 

(d) Sikia-Pono

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(b) Yin-tu

Q61. Nalanda Vihar was destroyed by :

(a) Bakhtiyar Khalji

(b) Qutubddin Aibak  

(c) Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

(d) Alauddin Khalji

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(a) Bakhtiyar Khalji

Q62. Nalanda is located in 

(a) Madhya Pradesh 

(b) Andhra Pradesh

(c) Uttar Pradesh 

(d) Bihar

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(d) Bihar

Q63. During Post Gupta Period, main business centre was 

(a) Kannauj

(b) Ujjain

(c) Dhar 

(d) Devgiri

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(a) Kannauj

Q64. In travel through India, Fahhien has mentioned a  hospital, it was located at

(a) Ujjain 

(b) Kaushambi  

(c) Tamralipti 

(d) Pataliputra

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(d) Pataliputra

Q65. Which of the following is not included in Chardham?

(a) Puri 

(b) Dwaraka  

(c) Mansarovar

(d) Rameshwaram

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(c) Mansarovar

Short Questions on Gupta Empire

From where did the Gupta Empire begin?
A. Gupta Sri
Q2. Of all the Gupta monarchs, who is regarded as the greatest?
A. Vikramaditya, or Chandragupta II
Q3. Which city served as the Gupta Empire’s capital?
Pataliputra, A.
Q4. Which Gupta-era iron pillar is renowned for its ability to withstand corrosion?
A. Delhi’s Iron Pillar

Q5. What architectural style of temples was most popular during the Gupta era?
A. Nagara design
Q6. Who composed the renowned Sanskrit drama ‘Abhijñānaśākuntalam’ during the Gupta era?
A. Kalidasa
Q7. What is the name of the important Gupta-era mathematical treatise written by Aryabhata?
Aryabhatiya
Q8. Who among the Gupta emperors vanquished the western Indian Shaka rulers?
Samudragupta, A.
Q9. What coin was in circulation during the Gupta era, and its name?
A. Dinara
Q10. Which kind of art flourished at its height in the Gupta era?
A. Artistic Sculpture

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What were the Gupta Empire’s principal accomplishments?

The sciences, literature, and the arts all flourished during the Gupta Empire. Notable accomplishments encompass the compositions of Kalidasa, the advancement of the Nagara style of temple construction, and the contributions made by Aryabhata in the fields of mathematics and astronomy.

Who were the notable Post-Gupta Period emperors?

Harshavardhana of the Pushyabhuti Dynasty, Pulakesin II of the Chalukya Dynasty, and Dharmapala and Devapala of the Pala Dynasty in eastern India are among the notable monarchs of the Post-Gupta Period.

What caused the Gupta Empire to fall?

Weak heirs to Skandagupta, Huna (a branch of the Huns) invasions, and the emergence of feudatories expressing their independence from central authority were among the reasons contributing to the decline of the Gupta Empire.

What was the status of trade and commerce in the Post-Gupta Period?

During the Post-Gupta Period, trade and commerce flourished due to the establishment of new trade routes such as the Silk Road, the emergence of urban centres, and the introduction of new coin kinds by different kingdoms.

Which literary masterpieces were created during the Post-Gupta Era?

The Post-Gupta Period produced some notable literary works, such as Banabhatta’s Kadambari, Harsha’s play Nagananda, and the Prabandha literature, which includes Katha-sarit-sagara. Sanskrit remained the predominant literary language.

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