The best Mcqs on history and generation of computers. Explore the evolution of computers from their earliest forms to the modern-day machines we rely on in our daily lives in form of mcqs. We will examine the key advancements that have shaped the development of computers and the impact they have had on society. Whether you are a student of computer or computer enthusiast or just want to learn more about the history of computer for exams , check the mcqs below.join Telegram channel
Mcqs on History and Generation of Computer
History of Computers:
The concept of computers originated in ancient times when humans devised various mechanisms, such as the abacus, to perform arithmetic calculations. However, the modern history of computers can be traced back to the 19th century. Here are some key milestones:
- Mechanical Computers: In the early 1800s, inventors like Charles Babbage and Ada Lovelace conceptualized and designed mechanical computing devices, such as the Analytical Engine and the Difference Engine. Although these machines were never fully built, they laid the foundation for the development of programmable computers.
- Electronic Computers: The first electronic computers emerged during the mid-20th century. The Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), built in 1946, was among the earliest programmable electronic computers. It utilized vacuum tubes and punch cards for computation.
- Transistors and Integrated Circuits: The invention of transistors in the late 1940s by researchers at Bell Labs revolutionized computing. Transistors replaced bulky vacuum tubes, enabling smaller, faster, and more reliable computers. The subsequent development of integrated circuits (ICs) in the 1960s further increased computing power while reducing size and cost.
Generations of Computers: The evolution of computers can be categorized into several generations, each marked by distinct advancements in technology. Here are the commonly recognized generations:
- First Generation (1940s-1950s): The first-generation computers were enormous, vacuum tube-based machines. They relied on punched cards and machine language for input and output. Examples include ENIAC and UNIVAC I.
- Second Generation (1950s-1960s): The second-generation computers employed transistors instead of vacuum tubes, making them smaller, more reliable, and faster. Magnetic tape and disks were introduced for data storage. Notable computers of this era include IBM 1401 and DEC PDP-8.
- Third Generation (1960s-1970s): The third-generation computers utilized integrated circuits (ICs), which further enhanced computational speed and efficiency. High-level programming languages like FORTRAN and COBOL were developed, making programming more accessible. Examples include IBM System/360 and DEC PDP-11.
- Fourth Generation (1970s-1980s): Fourth-generation computers witnessed the advent of microprocessors, which integrated thousands of transistors on a single chip. This led to the rise of personal computers (PCs) and a significant boost in computing power. Iconic computers like the Apple II and IBM PC fall into this generation.
- Fifth Generation (1980s-present): The fifth-generation computers are characterized by advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and parallel processing. Concepts like neural networks and expert systems emerged. Supercomputers, laptops, and smartphones are representative of this generation.
- Future Generations: As technology continues to evolve, new generations of computers are likely to emerge. These may involve quantum computing, bio-computers, or other groundbreaking technologies that push the boundaries of computation and problem-solving.
Q1. Which among the following was used in the first generation of computers?
(A)Vacuum Tubes and Magnetic Drum
(B) Integrated Circuits
(C) Magnetic Tape and Transistors
(D) All of above
Q2. Which generation of computer is still under development?
(A) Fourth Generation
(B) Fifth Generation
(C) Third Generation
(D) Seventh Generation
Q3. EDVAC stands for .
(A) Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer
(B) Electronic Discrete Value Automatic Computer
(C) Electronic Device Variable Automatic Computer
(D) Electronic Discrete Variable Advanced Computer
Q4. Which of the following was the computer conceived by Babbage?
(A) Donald Kunth
(B) Arithmetic Machine
(C) Analytical Engine
(D) All of the above
Q5. Which among the given options is IBM’s Supercomputer?
(B) Sunway TaihuLight
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Q6. What is RISC?
(A) Storage Device
(B) Computer Network
(D) Operating System
Q7. Transistors are associated with which computer Generation?
(A) First generation
(B) Fifth generation
(C) Second generation
(D) None of these
Q8. Who invented the Computer Mouse?
(A) Ada Lovelace
(B) John Mauchly
(C) Charles Babbage
(D) Douglas Engelbart
Q9. The fourth generation computers use which technology for both CPU and memory that allows millions of transistors on a single chip?
(A) Vacuum Tubes
(B) VLSI Technology
(C) Cloud Computing
(D) None of the above
Q10. The term ‘Computer’ is derived from……….
Q11. A computer that combines the characteristic of analog and digital computers
(B) Digital Computer
(C) Analog Computer
(D) Hybrid Computer
Q12. Who developed the first electronic general-purpose computer?
(A) Atanasoff and Berry
(B) J. Presper Eckert
(C) John W Mauchly
(D) Both B and C
Q13. Which of the following is the fastest type of computer?
(B) Mainframe Computer
(D) Digital computer
Q14. Microprocessors as switching devices are for which generation computers
(A) First Generation
(B) Second Generation
(C} Third Generation
(D) Fourth Generation
Q16. Analog computer works on the supply of (A) Continuous electrical pulses
(B) Electrical pulses but not continuous
(C) Magnetic strength
(D) None of the above
Q17. UNIVAC is
(A) Unvalued Automatic Computer
(B) Universal Array Computer
(C) Unique Automatic Computer
(D) Universal Automatic Computer
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Q18. Artificial Intelligence is associated with which generation?
(A} First Generation
(B) Second Generation
(C) Fifth Generation
(D) Sixth Generation
Q19. IBM 1401 is
(A) First Generation Computer
(B) Second Generation Computer
(C) Third Generation Computer
(D) Fourth Generation Computer
Q20. The first supercomputer was installed at Los Alamos National Laboratory of USA and was introduced in 1976. What was its name?
Q21. Which organization developed MS DOS? (A) Apple
Q22. Where was the first computer installed in India?
(A) Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, 1971 (B) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1971 (C) Indian Iron & Steel Co. Ltd., 1967
(D) Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, 1955
Q23. Which company is nicknamed “Big Blue”?
Q24. Which of these is the first web-based e-mail service?
(B) Yahoo Mail
(D) Rediff Mail
Q25. Which was the first ever web server software?
(B) IIS 5.0
(C) CERN HTTPD
The development of the modern computer can be traced back to the late 19th century and the early 20th century. It was during this period that the first computers were developed and used to solve a variety of problems. Today, computers are an integral part of our lives, and it is almost impossible to imagine a world without them.
For those interested in learning more about the history and generation of computers, there are a variety of resources available. One such resource is the MCQs on History and Generation of Computers. This quiz contains questions that cover a wide range of topics related to the history and generation of computers, including the history of the modern computer, early computers, and the different generations of computers.
The MCQs on History and Generation of Computers will test your knowledge on the history and development of computers. The quiz also contains questions related to the different types of computers, such as mainframes, minicomputers, personal computers, and laptops. Additionally, the quiz covers topics such as computer architecture, computer memory, and computer networks.
The MCQs on History and Generation of Computers will help you understand the history and development of the computer and the different generations of computers. It is an excellent resource for those who are interested in learning more about the history and generation of computers.
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The MCQs on History and Generation of Computers is an ideal choice for those who are curious about computers and want to learn more about them. It is also a great way to test your knowledge on computers and get a better understanding of their history and development. If you are interested in taking the MCQs on History and Generation of Computers, you can find it online for free.
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history and evolution of computer mcqs with answers
Which computer is considered to be the first electronic general-purpose computer?
A. UNIVAC I
Which company introduced the first commercially successful personal computer?
The term “bug” to describe a computer glitch originated from which early computer?
B. UNIVAC I
C. Harvard Mark II
D. Analytical Engine
The first graphical web browser was developed by:
A. Tim Berners-Lee
B. Marc Andreessen
C. Linus Torvalds
D. Bill Gates
Which programming language was developed by Grace Hopper in the late 1950s?
The first microprocessor, Intel 4004, was introduced in which year?
The World Wide Web was publicly available starting from which year?
Which computer programming language was developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs?
The first computer hard disk drive was introduced by which company?
Who is often referred to as the “Father of the Computer”?
A. Alan Turing
B. Charles Babbage
C. John von Neumann
D. Bill Gates