MCQs on Indian National Movement 1930 to 1947

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The Indian National Movement from 1930 to 1947 was a crucial period in the struggle for India’s independence from British colonial rule. Here are some significant events and developments that took place during this period:

MCQs on Indian National Movement 1930 to 1947 practice now

  1. Salt March (1930): One of the most iconic events of the Indian independence movement, the Salt March was led by Mahatma Gandhi. It involved a 240-mile march from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi in Gujarat, where Gandhi and his followers defied the British salt laws by making salt from seawater. This act of civil disobedience gained international attention and inspired widespread protests across India.
  2. Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934): The Salt March was a part of the larger Civil Disobedience Movement launched by Gandhi. It aimed to challenge British authority by boycotting British goods, refusing to pay taxes, and participating in acts of nonviolent protest. Thousands of Indians participated in this movement, resulting in mass arrests and clashes with the colonial administration.
  3. Round Table Conferences (1930-1932): The British government held three Round Table Conferences in London to discuss India’s political future. Representatives from various Indian political parties, including the Indian National Congress and Muslim League, attended these conferences. However, the discussions failed to result in a consensus due to disagreements between the Congress and Muslim League, as well as the British government’s reluctance to grant significant concessions.
  4. Government of India Act 1935: This act introduced limited provincial autonomy, expanding the legislative powers of the Indian provinces and granting limited franchise to a small portion of the population. While it fell short of full independence, it marked a significant step towards self-governance.
  5. Quit India Movement (1942): In response to the failure of negotiations with the British and the worsening conditions of World War II, the Indian National Congress launched the Quit India Movement. The movement demanded an immediate end to British rule and called for mass protests and nonviolent resistance. The British responded with harsh repression, arresting thousands of Congress leaders and imposing a strict crackdown.
  6. Partition and Independence (1947): In 1947, the British government announced its decision to grant independence to India. However, due to communal tensions between Hindus and Muslims, the country was divided into two separate nations: India and Pakistan. This led to widespread violence and mass migrations as people moved across the newly drawn borders. India officially gained its independence on August 15, 1947.

MCQs on Indian National Movement 1930 to 1947

Q1. When did the ‘Dandi March’ begin?   

(a)  31 December, 1929  

(b)  26 January, 1930  

(c)  12 March, 1930 

(d)   6 April, 1930

(c)  12 March, 1930

Q2. Gandhiji started Dandi March from :

(a) Champaran 

(b)  Sabarmati  

(c)  Bardoli 

(d)  Dandi

(b)  Sabarmati

Q3. For how many days did Dandi March last?

(a) 10 days   

(b) 20 days  

(c) 24 days  

(d) 30 days

(c) 24 days

Q4.Dandi March was started to 

(a) Support the salt law  

(b)  Break the salt law  

(c)  Support the Rowlatt Act  

(d)  Oppose the Rowlatt Act 

(b)  Break the salt law

Q5. The Civil Disobedience Movement started with :

(a) Declaration of Home Rule  

(b) Partition of Bengal   

(c) Dandi March  

(d) Declaration of Poorna Swaraj by the Congress

(c) Dandi March

Q6. Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed in :

(a) 1931 

(b) 1935  

(c) 1942 

(d) 1919

(a) 1931

Q7. The main purpose of Gandhi-Irwin Pact was to 

(a) To make the participation of Congress easier in round  table conferences  

(b)  To end the Civil Disobedience Movement.

(c)  To break the death strike of Gandhiji  

(d)  To end the tax on salt.

(a) To make the participation of Congress easier in round  table conferences

Q8. Who played an important role in the signing of GandhiIrwin Pact?

(a) Motilal Nehru 

(b) Madan Mohan Malviya  

(c) Tej Bahadur Sapru 

(d) Chintamani

(c) Tej Bahadur Sapru

Q9. Who of the following persons called Irwin and Gandhi  ‘The Two Mahatmas’?

(a) Mira Bahan  

(b) Sarojini Naidu  

(c) Madan Mohan Malviya 

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

(b) Sarojini Naidu

Q10. Who among the following presided over the Karachi  Session of the Indian National Congress?

(a) Jawahar Lal Nehru 

(b) J.M. Sengupta  

(c) S.C. Bose 

(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

Q11. When was the First Round Table Conference of  Indian leaders summoned in London by the British  Government?

(a) 1931 

(b) 1929  

(c) 1930 

(d) 1932

(c) 1930

Q12. Who among the following had not participated in the  Second Round Table Conference?

(a) Mahadev Desai  

(b) Pyarelal Nayyar  

(c) Madan Mohan Malaviya  

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Q13. At which one of the following Round Table Conferences  held in London was Mahatma Gandhi present?

(a) First 

(b) Second  

(c) Third 

(d) None of the above

(b)  Second

Q14. Who amongst the following attended all the three  Round Table Conferences?

(a) Vallabhbhai Patel 

(b) Madan Mohan Malviya   

(c) B.R. Ambedkar 

(d) None of the above

(c) B.R. Ambedkar

Q15. Who wrote the pamphlet ‘Now or Never’?

(a) Md. Jinnah 

(b) Md. Iqbal  

(c) Rahmat Ali 

(d) Khafi  Khan

(c) Rahmat Ali

Q16. Who among the following issued the ‘Communal  Award’?

(a) Ramsay Macdonald 

(b) Stanley Baldwin  

(c) Neville Chamberlain 

(d) Winston Churchill

(a) Ramsay Macdonald

Q17. When did Mahatma Gandhi start first fast unto death?

(a) At the time of Communal Award

(b) At the time of Calcutta Riots  

(c) At the time of Jallianwala Bagh Mishap.

(d) At the time of Delhi Riots

(a) At the time of Communal Award

Q18. The purpose of Poona Pact was:

(a) Hindu-Muslims unity  

(b) To provide representation of untouchables  (c) To privileged the Kings  

(d) Reconsideration of Dyarchy

(b) To provide representation of untouchables

Q19. Dr. Ambedkar and Gandhiji had a Pact called :

(a) Calcutta Pact 

(b) London Pact  

(c) Poona Pact 

(d) Lahore Pact

(c) Poona Pact

Q20. The Congress Socialist Party was founded in 1934 by:

(a) Jawaharlal Nehru and Vinoba Bhave 

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru and Jay Prakash Narayan  

(c) Jayprakash Narayan and Acharya Narendra Dev  

(d) Ashok Mehta and Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(c) Jayprakash Narayan and Acharya Narendra Dev

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Q21. Who is known as “Loknayak”?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi 

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose  

(c) Jayprakash Narayan 

(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Jayprakash Narayan

Q22. Who was elected the President of Indian National  Congress in 1938?

(a) Abul Kalam Azad 

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose 

(c) Pattabhi Sitaramaiya 

(d) J. B. Kripalani

(b) Subhash Chandra Bose

Q23. The idea of a separate Nation for Muslims was given  by:

(a) Mohammad Ali Jinnah  

(b) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan  

(c) Sir Mohammad Iqbal  

(d) Liaqat Ali Khan

(c) Sir Mohammad Iqbal

Q24. Who started the Individual Civil Disobedience?

(a) Vinoba Bhave 

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru 

(c) Sardar Patel 

(d) Shaukat Ali

(a) Vinoba Bhave

Q25. In which year did the Cripps Mission come to India?

(a) 1940 

(b) 1942  

(c) 1944 

(d) 1946

(b) 1942

Q26. Which one of the following is not true about the Cripps  Mission?

 (a) Dominion status at the end of the war.

 (b) Acceptance of the Constitution framed by Constituent  Assembly.

 (c) The formation of a new executive Council with equal  representation for both Hindus and Muslims.

 (d) Any province could remain outside the Indian Union.

The formation of a new executive Council with equal  representation for both Hindus and Muslims

Q27. Who viewed the Cripps proposal as a post-dated  cheque upon a crashing bank’?

(a)  Mahatma Gandhi 

(b)  Jawaharlal Nehru  

(c)  J.B. Kripalani 

(d)  Jaiprakash Narayan

(a)  Mahatma Gandhi

Q28. Quit India movement began on:

(a) 9th August, 1942 

(b) 10th August, 1942  

(c) 15th August, 1942 

(d) 16th August, 1942

(a) 9th August, 1942

Q29. Quit India Movement was primarily launched at 

(a) Sabarmati 

(b) Calcutta  

(c) Bombay 

(d) Madras

(c) Bombay

Q30. The slogan ‘Do or Die’ was given by:

(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru  

(c) Bhagat Singh 

(d) Mahatma Gandhi

(d) Mahatma Gandhi

Q31. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress  when it passed the ‘Quit India’ resolution?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi   

(b) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad  

(c) Sardar Patel  

(d) Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru

(b) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Q32. Who formed the Forward Bloc?

(a) Subhas Chandra Bose 

(b) Rajendra Prasad 

(c) Bhagat Singh 

(d) B.R. Ambedkar

(a) Subhas Chandra Bose in 1939

Q33. The first commander of “Azad Hind Fauj” was ­  

(a) Mohan Singh  

(b) Pritam Singh 

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose  

(d) Shahnawaz Khan

(a) Mohan Singh

Q34. Who said, “ Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Mai Tumhe Azadi  Dunga”?

(a) Mahatma Gandhi          

(b) Bal  Gangadhar Tilak  

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose 

(d) Bhagat Singh

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose

Q35. Who among the following called Subhash Chandra  Bose as ‘Desh Nayak.’  

(a) Mahatma Gandhi 

(b) Ram Manohar Lohia  

(c) Rabindranath Tagore 

(d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

(c) Rabindranath Tagore

Q36. The ‘Cabinet-Mission’ of 1946 was led by:

(a) Sir Pethick-Lawrence  

(b) Lord Linlithgow  

(c) Lord Wavell 

(d) Sir John Simon

(a) Sir Pethick-Lawrence

Q37. Which one of the following is not correct about the  Cabinet Mission Plan?

(a) Provincial Grouping  

(b) Interim Cabinet of  Indians   

(c) Acceptance of Pakistan   

(d) Constitution Framing Right

(c) Acceptance of Pakistan

Q38. The Constituent Assembly that framed India’s  constitution was set up ­  

(a) Under the Indian Independence Act   

(b) Under the Government of India Act, 1935  

(c) By the Queen’s Proclamation  

(d) Under the Cabinet Mission Plan

(d) Under the Cabinet Mission Plan

Q38. The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held  on :  (a) 16th August, 1947 

(b) 26th  January, 1948  

(c) 9th December, 1946 

(d) 26th November, 1946

(c) 9th December, 1946

Q39. Who among the following was the President of the  Indian Constituent Assembly?

(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad 

(b) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru 

(c) Sardar Patel 

(d) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Q40. Who was the Prime Minister of England when India  attained independence?

(a) Winston Churchill 

(b) Clement Attlee  

(c) Harold Mc Millan 

(d) None of these

(b) Clement Attlee

Q41. Which plan became the platform of Indian Independence?

(a) Cripps Plan 

(b) Wavell Plan  

(c) Mountbatten Plan 

(d) None of the above

(c) Mountbatten Plan

Q42. The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence  Act in ­  

(a) January, 1947 

(b) July, 1947  

(c) August, 1947 

(d) August, 1946

(b) July, 1947

Q43. The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to ­  

(a) Solve the problem of minorities in India.

(b) Give effect to the Independence Bill.

(c) Demarcate the boundaries between India and Pakistan.

(d) Enquire into the riots in East Bengal.

(c) Demarcate the boundaries between India and Pakistan.

Q44. Who was the first Governor-General of Independent  India?

(a) C. Rajagopalachari  

(b) Warren Hastings   

(c) Lord Dalhousie 

(d) Lord Mountbatten

(d) Lord Mountbatten

What was the significance of the Salt March led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930?

The Salt March, also known as the Dandi March, was a symbolic act of civil disobedience against the British salt monopoly. It highlighted the mass participation and nonviolent nature of the Indian National Movement and marked a turning point in the struggle for independence.

What were the main objectives of the Quit India Movement launched in 1942?

The Quit India Movement aimed to demand an immediate end to British rule in India. Its objectives included the establishment of a fully independent Indian government, the promotion of national unity, and the mobilization of the masses through nonviolent means.

Who were the prominent leaders of the Indian National Movement during this period?

Several prominent leaders emerged during the Indian National Movement, including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Subhas Chandra Bose, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. These leaders played pivotal roles in inspiring and mobilizing the masses.

What role did the Indian National Congress (INC) play in the struggle for independence during this period?

The Indian National Congress was at the forefront of the Indian National Movement. It provided a platform for leaders and activists to voice their demands, organize protests and campaigns, and negotiate with the British authorities for greater self-rule and eventual independence.

How did the partition of India in 1947 impact the Indian National Movement?

The partition of India resulted in the creation of India and Pakistan as separate nations. It led to widespread communal violence and mass migration, resulting in the loss of millions of lives. The Indian National Movement’s focus shifted towards addressing the challenges of partition and establishing a stable and united India.

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