MCQs on President and Vice-President of India

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The President and Vice-President of India are two of the highest constitutional offices in the country.

MCQs on President and Vice-President of India Practice Now

  1. President of India:
    • The President is the ceremonial head of the state and the highest-ranking official in India.
    • The President is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) and the legislative assemblies of states and union territories.
    • The President’s term is five years, and they can be re-elected for a maximum of two terms.
    • The President’s role is primarily symbolic and ceremonial, with the real executive power resting with the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.
    • The President plays a crucial role in the functioning of the Indian parliamentary system by giving assent to bills, appointing the Prime Minister, and performing other constitutional duties.
  2. Vice-President of India:
    • The Vice-President is the second-highest constitutional office in India and serves as the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Parliament).
    • The Vice-President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of both houses of Parliament.
    • Like the President, the Vice-President’s term is five years and can be re-elected for a maximum of two terms.
    • The Vice-President’s primary duty is to preside over the Rajya Sabha sessions, maintaining order and ensuring the smooth functioning of the house.
    • In the absence of the President, the Vice-President may perform the President’s duties and functions.

Both the President and Vice-President play crucial roles in upholding the Indian Constitution and ensuring the smooth functioning of the government and Parliament, albeit with different sets of responsibilities and powers.

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MCQs on President and Vice-President of India

Q1. How is the President elected in India?

(a) Directly

(b) By Rajya Sabha Members

(c) By Lok Sabha Members

(d) By Indirect Election

(d) By Indirect Election

Q2. Who among the following are not included in the  Electoral College for the election of the President of  India?

 (a) Elected members of the House of the People.

 (b) Elected members of the Council of States.

 (c) Elected member of the Legislative Assemblies of the  States.

 (d) Elected members of the Legislative Councils of the  States.

(d) Elected members of the Legislative Councils of the  States.

Q3. President of India is elected by :

(a) Lok Sabha

(b) Rajya Sabha

(c) Parliament Members

(d) Members of Parliament and Members of State Legislative Assemblies

(d) Members of Parliament and Members of State Legislative Assemblies

Q4. Which article of the Indian Constitution prescribes  eligibility conditions for re-election to the post of the  President of India?

(a) Article 52 

(b) Article 54

(c) Article 55 

(d) Article 57

(d) Article 57

Q5. The President holds office for a term of 5 years from  date on

(a) Which he/she is elected

(b) Which is decided by Parliament

(c) Which he enters upon his office/hold his office

(d) Which is decided by Election Commission

(c) Which he enters upon his offi ce/hold his office

Q6. To whom does the President of India address his  resignation?

(a) Speaker of the Lok Sabha

(b) Vice-President of India

(c) Chief Justice of India

(d) Prime Minister of India

(b) Vice-President of India

Q7. The President of India can be removed from his post by

(a) The Prime Minister of India  

(b) Lok Sabha 

(c) Chief Justice of India  

(d) Parliament

(d) Parliament

Q8. Which one of the following Articles of the Indian  Constitution deals with the impeachment process  against the Indian President?

(a) Article 39

(b) Article 60

(c) Article 61 

(d) None of the above

(c) Article 61

Q9. By which House of Parliament, impeachment may be  imposed on the President?

(a) House of People

(b) Council of States 

(c) By any House of Parliament 

(d) None of the above

(c) By any House of Parliament

Q10.At least how many days of prior notice is required for  the impeachment of the President of India?

(a) 7 days   

(b) 14 days   

(c) 21 days 

(d) 30 days

(b) 14 days

Q11.The procedure of Impeachment of the President of  India is

(a) Quasi-Judicial Procedure  

(b) Executive Procedure  

(c) Judicial Procedure 

(d) Legislative Procedure

(a) Quasi-Judicial Procedure

Q12. The vacant post of the President is to be filled within

(a) 90 days 

(b) Six months 

(c) Nine months 

(d) One year

(b) Six months

Q13. In case the post of the President of India falls vacant  due to his death, resignation or removal from office,  who will occupy that post?

(a) Prime Minister

(b) Chief Justice of the Supreme Court  

(c) Vice-President  

(d) None of the above

(c) Vice-President

Q14. If the position of President and Vice-President are  vacant, who officiates as the President of India?

(a) The Prime Minister  

(b) The Chief Justice of India  

(c) The Speaker of Lok-Sabha  

(d) None of these

(b) The Chief Justice of India

Q15. Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution  vests the executive power of the Union in the President?

(a) Article 51 

(b) Article 52  

(c) Article 53 

(d) Article 54

(c) Article 53

Q16. Who is the Executive Head of State in India?

(a) President  

(b) Prime Minister  

(c) Leader of the Opposition  

(d) Chief Secretary, Government of India

(a) President

Q17. President of India exercises his powers 

(a) either directly or through officers subordinate to him

(b) through Ministers  

(c) through Prime Minister

(d) through Cabinet

(a) either directly or through offi cers subordinate to him

Q18. The President

(a) is not a part of the Parliament

(b) is a part of the Parliament  

(c) is a part of the Parliament and sits in the Parliament  

(d) can vote in the Parliament

(b) is a part of the Parliament

Q19. The President of India can dissolve the Lok Sabha on  the recommendation of:

(a) Rajya Sabha  

(b) Election Commission  

(c) Chief Justice of India  

(d) Cabinet

(d) Cabinet

Q20. The Joint sitting of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha under  Article 108 is summoned by ­

(a) Chairman of Rajya Sabha

(b) Speaker of Lok Sabha  

(c) Prime Minister  

(d) President

(d) President

Q21. Which one of the following statements about the  President of India is not correct?

(a) He is a constituent part of Parliament.

(b) He participates in the discussions in both Houses.

(c) He addresses the joint meeting of both the Houses  every year.

(d) He can promulgate ordinances in certain situations.

(b) He participates in the discussions in both Houses

Q22. Who amongst the following has the power to withhold  assent to a Bill, after it has been passed by the two  Houses of Parliament?

(a) The President

(b) The Prime Minister

(c) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha

(d) The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha

(a) The President

Q23. On which matter, it is not essential for the President  to take advice from the Council of Ministers?

(a) Appointment of Ambassadors 

(b) To assent to Bills

(c) To assent to Bills referred by Governors  

(d) To dissolve Lok Sabha

(e) To assent on constitutional amendment bill

(c) To assent to Bills referred by Governors

Q24. Under which Article of the Constitution the President  of India has been empowered to promulgate an  Ordinance?

(a) Article 356

(b) Article 360  

(c) Article 200

(d) Article 123

(d) Article 123

Q25.Who among the following is appointed by the  President:

(a) Attorney General of India

(b) Comptroller and Auditor General

(c) Governor of State

(d) All of the above

(d) All of the above

Q26. Indian Constitution doesn’t empower the President of  India with the right of  

(a) Appointment of Prime Minister  (b) Appointment of Chief Minister in states  

(c) Being the Supreme Commander of Defence Forces

(d) Executing emergency in any part of the country

(b) Appointment of Chief Minister in states

Q27. Which Article of the Indian Constitution empowers  the President to consult the Supreme Court?

(a) Article 129 

(b) Article 132  

(c) Article 143 

(d) Article 32

(c) Article 143

Q28. Which of the following is incorrect about the powers  of the President of India?

(a) The President should accept the advice of Supreme  Court

(b) Emergency powers  

(c) Power of extension of President’s Rule in States

(d) President can accept or reject the advice of the  Supreme Court

(a) The President should accept the advice of Supreme  Court

Q29. The President of India does not have the right to 

(a) Give pardon

(b) Remove a judge of Supreme Court

(c) Declare emergency

(d) Pass ordinances

(b) Remove a judge of Supreme Court

Q30. Which of the following Article of Indian Constitution  mentions the ‘Doctrine of Pleasure’?

(a) Article 200 

(b) Article 301  

(c) Article 310 

(d) Article 311

(c) Article 310

Q31. Which one of the following is not Constitutional  Prerogative of the President of India?

(a) Returning an ordinary Bill for reconsideration  

(b) Returning a financial bill for reconsideration

(c) Dissolving the Lok Sabha

(d) Appointing the Prime Minister

(b) Returning a financial bill for reconsideration

Q32. The first President of India was:

(a) Sri V.V. Giri  

(b) Dr. S. Radhakrishnan 

(c) Dr. Zakir Hussain  

(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

(d) Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Q33. Which of the following Indian Presidents also served as  Speaker of Lok Sabha?

(a) Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad

(b) Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma

(c) Dr. Zakir Husain

(d) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

d) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

Q34. Among the following Presidents of India, who is known  as the Philosopher King or the Philosopher Ruler?

(a) Dr. Radhakrishnan

(b) Dr. Rajendra Prasad  

(c) Dr. Zakir Hussain  

(d) Dr. Abdul Kalam

(a) Dr. Radhakrishnan

Q35. Which President of India was called the ‘Missile Man’?

(a) Dr. Radhakrishnan

(b) Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 

(c) Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma

(d) None of the above

(b) Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

Q36. Who among the following Chief Justices of India also  acted as the President of India?

(a) Justice M. C. Mahajan

(b) Justice M. Hidayatullah

(c) Justice P.N. Bhagwati  

(d) Justice B.K. Mukherjee

(b) Justice M. Hidayatullah

Q37. What is the sequence number of Ms. Pratibha Patil as  the President of the Republic of India?

(a) 10th 

(b) 11th  

(c) 12th 

(d) 13th

(c) 12th

Q38. A Bill presented in Parliament becomes an Act after ­

(a) It is passed by both the Houses.

(b) The President has given his Assent.

(c) The Prime Minister has signed it.

(d) The Supreme Court has declared it to be within the  competence of the Union-Parliament.

(b) The President has given his Assent

Q39. Rashtrapati Bhavan was designed by:

(a) Edward Stone

(b) Le Corbusier

(c) Edwin Lutyens

(d) Tarun Dutt

(c) Edwin Lutyens

Q40. The Vice-President of India is elected by:

(a) The People

(b) The Electoral College which elects the President 

(c) The members of both the Houses of Parliament 

(d) The State Legislatures

(c) The members of both the Houses of Parliament

Q41. How is the Vice-President of India elected?

(a) By direct national election

(b) Nomination by President

(c) through direct election by the MPs of  Lok Sabha and  MLAs of Vidhan Sabha

(d) through election by the MPs of Lok Sabha and Rajya  Sabha

(d) through election by the MPs of Lok Sabha and Rajya  Sabha

Q42. The Vice-President may be removed from his office by  a resolution of ­

(a) Council of States 

(b) Lok Sabha

(c) Cabinet

(d) Council of Ministers

(a) Council of States

Q43. The proposal relating to dismissal of the Vice-President  can be presented in ­

(a) Any House of the Parliament 

(b) Rajya Sabha

(c) The Lok Sabha

(d) None of the above

(b) Rajya Sabha

Q44. Who is the Chairman of Rajya Sabha?

(a) The President

(b) The Vice-President  

(c) The Prime Minister 

(d) The Speaker of Lok Sabha

(b) The Vice-President

Q45. Who is the Ex-Officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

(a)  The President  

(b)  The Vice President   

(c)  The Prime Minister  

(d)  None of the above

(b)  The Vice President

How is the President of India elected?

The President of India is elected by an electoral college, which includes members of both houses of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) and the legislative assemblies of states and union territories. The candidate who receives more than 50% of the total votes is declared the President.

What are the qualifications to become the President of India?

To be eligible for the office of President, a candidate must be a citizen of India, at least 35 years of age, and eligible to vote in Indian elections. They must not hold any office of profit under the Indian government or any state government.

What is the role of the Vice-President of India?

The Vice-President of India serves as the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of Parliament). Their primary role is to preside over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha, ensuring the orderly conduct of business and upholding parliamentary rules and procedures.

Can the Vice-President of India become the President?

Yes, the Vice-President is eligible to contest and become the President of India after completing their term or resigning from the position of Vice-President. This transition has occurred in the past when sitting Vice-Presidents were elected as Presidents.

What are the ceremonial duties of the President of India?

The President’s role is primarily ceremonial and symbolic. Some of their duties include giving assent to bills passed by Parliament, appointing the Prime Minister and Chief Justice of India, receiving foreign dignitaries, and representing India in various international forums. The President also plays a key role in issuing pardons and awards like Bharat Ratna.

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