India is a diverse and vast country that is divided into states and union territories.
- India has 28 states, each with its own government, legislature, and chief minister. Some of the most populous states include Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Bihar.
- States have the authority to make their own laws on a wide range of subjects, including education, health, and transportation.
- They also have the power to collect taxes, issue driving licenses, and conduct state-level elections.
- India has 8 union territories, which are directly administered by the central government. These territories have varying degrees of autonomy, with some having their own legislatures and chief ministers, while others are governed by a lieutenant governor appointed by the President of India.
- Union territories like Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu and Kashmir have their own elected legislatures and governments, giving them more autonomy, while others like Chandigarh and Andaman and Nicobar Islands are directly administered by the central government.
- Union territories are often created for reasons such as strategic importance, historical significance, or special governance needs.
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MCQs on States and Union Territories of India
Q1. Indian Parliament has the power to create a new State under which of the following Constitutional provisions?
(a) Article 1
(b) Article 2
(c) Article 3
(d) Article 4
Q2. Which one of the following is empowered to alter the boundaries of States under the Constitution of India?
(b) Lok Sabha
(d) Supreme Court
Q3. According to Article 1 of Indian Constitution, India is
(a) Group of States
(b) Federation of States
(c) Confederation of States
(d) The Union of States
Q4. A Bill for the purpose of creating a new State in India must be passed by
(a) A simple majority in Parliament and ratiﬁ cation by not less than two-third of the States
(b) A simple majority in Parliament
(c) A two-third majority in Parliament and ratiﬁ cation by not less than two-third of the States
(d) None of the above
Q5. Union Territories in India are administered by:
(a) The President
(b) The Lt. Governor
(c) Home Minister
Q6. Which of the following is NOT possible by a law of Parliament under Article 3 of the Constitution?
(a) Formation of new States
(b) Alteration of areas of States
(c) Alteration of boundaries of States
(d) Admission of new States
Q7. Sikkim became a state of India under (a) 30th Amendment (b) 32nd Amendment (c) 35th Amendment (d) 40th Amendment
Q8. The Kaveri River Water dispute is among which of the following states?
(b) Karnataka-Tamilnadu-Maharashtra-Kerala (c)
Q9. The Commission for Reorganisation of States on the basis of language was established in
Q10. AIn which year were the States reorganized on linguistic basis?
Q11. Which is the first ever State constituted on a linguistic basis?
(b) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Madhya Pradesh
Q12. When was the State of Jharkhand created?
Q13. Which Union Territory was formed by merging Daman and Diu?
c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Q14. Which State was carved out of the state of Assam in 1987?
d) Arunachal Pradesh
Q15. In which year was Telangana created as a separate State?
Q16. Which Union Territory consists of 13 coral islands?
a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
c) Daman and Diu
Q17. Which State was formed by the reorganization of the former State of Bombay?
d) Madhya Pradesh
Q18. When was Goa separated from the Union Territory of Daman and Diu?
Q19. Which Union Territory is known as the “French Riviera of the East”?
b) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
d) Daman and Diu
Q20. When was the State of Haryana created?
Q21. Which State was created as a result of the 2000 Bihar Reorganization Act?
Q22. When was Sikkim merged with India to become a State?
Q23. Which Union Territory was formerly a part of the state of Gujarat?
b) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
c) Daman and Diu
Q24. When was the Union Territory of Chandigarh created?
Q25.The State of Jammu and Kashmir was made an Union Territory of India with effect from:
a) 26th January, 2019
b) 5th August, 2019
c) 15th September, 2019
d) 31st October, 2019
How many states and union territories are there in India?
India had 28 states and 8 union territories. However, the number of states and union territories can change due to reorganization or government decisions, so it’s a good idea to verify the current count.
What is the difference between a state and a union territory in India?
The primary difference is the level of autonomy and self-governance. States have their own elected governments, legislatures, and chief ministers, allowing them to make and implement laws on a wide range of subjects. Union territories, on the other hand, are administered directly by the central government, although some may have their own legislatures and governments with varying degrees of autonomy.
Which union territories in India have their own legislatures and governments?
As of 2022, Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi), Puducherry (Puducherry and Karaikal), and Jammu and Kashmir had their own elected legislatures and governments, providing them with a higher degree of autonomy compared to other union territories.
Yes, the Indian government has the authority to reorganize states and create new ones. This process is typically carried out through the passing of a bill in the Parliament of India. One example is the reorganization of Jammu and Kashmir into two separate union territories in 2019.
What is the role of a lieutenant governor in a union territory?
In union territories, the role of the lieutenant governor is similar to that of a governor in a state. They represent the President of India in the territory and oversee the administration. However, the extent of their powers and responsibilities can vary depending on the specific union territory and its governing legislation.