India shares its borders with several neighboring countries, each contributing to its geopolitical landscape and cultural diversity. Here’s a brief overview of India’s neighboring nations:
- Pakistan: Sharing a contentious border, India and Pakistan have a complex relationship marked by historical conflicts, cultural exchanges, and diplomatic tensions.
- China: India’s northern neighbor, China, shares a disputed boundary in the Himalayas. The two countries have had historical territorial disputes but also maintain economic ties and cultural exchanges.
- Nepal: Nepal, located to the north of India, shares a deep cultural and historical bond with India. The two countries have open borders and strong people-to-people ties.
- Bhutan: India and Bhutan share a special relationship, with India being Bhutan’s largest trading partner and providing significant economic and developmental assistance.
- Bangladesh: India surrounds Bangladesh on three sides, and the two countries share a long history of cultural, linguistic, and economic ties. They have a shared river system and cooperate on various bilateral issues.
- Myanmar (Burma): India’s northeastern states share a border with Myanmar. The two countries have historical ties and cooperate on trade, security, and connectivity projects.
- Sri Lanka: Located to the south of India, Sri Lanka shares maritime borders and has historical and cultural connections with India. Both countries cooperate on various fronts, including trade, defense, and cultural exchanges.
- Maldives: India and the Maldives share maritime boundaries in the Indian Ocean. They have historically enjoyed close ties, particularly in defense and economic cooperation.
Questions on Neighbouring countries of India
Q1. How many countries are Neighbouring Countries of India?
Q2. What is the total length of the land border of India?
A. 15,106 km
B. 14,700 km
C. 13,200 km
D. 12,800 km
Q3. Which country has the longest boundary with India?
Q4. Which country shares the shortest boundary with India?
Q5. Which of the following Indian states does not share its border with Bangladesh?
A. West Bengal
Q6. Which of the following is the National Sport of Bangladesh?
Q7. Name the currency of Bangladesh
C. Bangla rupee
Q8. Who is the father of the Bangladesh nation
A. Mohiuddin Jahangir
B. Nur Mohammad Sheikh
C. Hamidur Rahman
D. Sheikh Mujibur Rehman
Q9. The Maitree Express is the name of the first modern international passenger train service connecting India with
Q10. The Bandhan Express is an international passenger train which runs between
A. India to Pakistan
B. India to Nepal
C. Pakistan to Bangladesh
D. India to Bangladesh
Q11.Which of the following Indian states does not share its border with Nepal?
A. West Bengal
B. Uttar Pradesh
Q12. Which of the following is the National Sport of Nepal?
Q13. Which of the following Indian State share its longest border with Nepal
A. West Bengal
B. Uttar Pradesh
Q14. Attari and Wagah, is the most famous and prominent border crossing point between
A. India and Pakistan
B. India and Nepal
C. India and Myanmar
D. India and Bangladesh
Q15. Which of the following village is famous for the railway station through which, the Thar Express connecting India with Pakistan runs
B. Aman sethu
Q16. The Samjhauta Express a bi-weekly train—Thursday and Monday—that runs between Delhi and Attari in India and _______ in Pakistan
Q17. Which of the following is the National Sport of Pakistan?
C. Field Hockey
Q18.Which of the following is the longest river of Pakistan
Q19. Which province of Pakistan is known as the “Land of the Pure”?
C) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Q20. Which of the following Indian states share its border with Pakistan?
B. Jammu and Kashmir
D. All of the Above
Q21. Which mountain is the highest peak in Nepal and the world?
A) Mount Everest
Q22. Which river is the longest river in Nepal?
Q23. Which religion is the predominant one in Nepal?
Q24. Which mountain range forms the northern border of Nepal?
Q25. Which of the following Indian states does not share its border with Bhutan?
A. West Bengal
Q26. Which of the following is the longest river of Bhutan
Q27. Which of the following is the National Sport of Nepal?
Q28. What is the capital city of Bhutan?
Q29. What is the currency of Bhutan?
Q30. Which river forms the border between Bhutan and India?
Q31. Bhutan is known for its stunning landscapes and biodiversity. What percentage of its land is covered by forests?
A) Approximately 50%
B) Approximately 70%
C) Approximately 30%
D) Approximately 90%
Q32. Which of the following countries has more than 30% of its total area under National Parks?
Q33. What is the main religion practiced in Bhutan?
Q34. Which of the following Indian states does not share its border with Myanmar?
Q35. Which river is the longest river in Myanmar?
A) Sittang River
B) Mekong River
D) Irrawaddy River
Q36. Which river is known as the lifeline of Bangladesh?
Q37. What was the former name of Myanmar?
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Q38. Which of the following is the currency of Myanmar?
Q39. Which mountain range forms the border between Myanmar and India?
B) Arakan Mountains
C) Annamite Range
D) Patkai Range
Q40. What is the most prominent religion in Myanmar?
Q41. Myanmar has a long coastline along which body of water?
A) Indian Ocean
B) Pacific Ocean
C) Andaman Sea
D) Bay of Bengal
Q42. Which of the following is the National Sport of Myanmar?
Q43. Which river is the longest river in Afghanistan?
A) Amu River
B) kunar River
C) Helmand River
D) kabul River
Q44. Which river is the longest river in Sri Lanka?
A) Amu River
B) kelani River
C) kalu River
D) Mahaweli River
Q45. Which of the following is the National Sport of Sri Lanka?
Q46. What is the capital of Maldives?
B) Addu City
Q47. How many atolls make up the Maldives?
Q48. What is the official language of the Maldives?
Q49. What is the main religion practiced in the Maldives?
Q50. Which channel separates Minicoy island from Maldives
A) Eight Degree
B) Nine Degree
C) Ten Degree
D) None of the Above
Q51. Which of the following Indian states does not share its border with China?
B. Himachal Pradesh
E. Jammu and Kashmir.
Q52. Which river is the longest river in China?
A) Yellow River
B) Yangtze River
C) Mekong River
D) Pearl River
Q53. What is the official language of China?
Q54.Which mountain range separates China from its neighbouring country India?
D) Rocky Mountains
Q55. Which Chinese province is known as the “Land of Pandas”?
Q56. The mcmahon line is a demarcation that separates
A) India and China
B) Pakistan and China
C) India and Bangladesh
D) Pakistan and Afghanistan
Q57. Which of the following is the official currency of China?
C. Chinese dollar
Q58. Which country is the smallest Neighbouring country of India?
How does India engage with Sri Lanka and the Maldives?
India shares maritime boundaries with Sri Lanka and the Maldives and has historically close ties with both countries. India cooperates with Sri Lanka on issues such as security, trade, and cultural exchanges. Similarly, India and the Maldives collaborate on defense, security, and economic development initiatives, including maritime security in the Indian Ocean region.
What are the key areas of cooperation between India and Nepal?
India and Nepal share deep cultural, historical, and economic ties. They cooperate in areas such as trade, transit, energy, and infrastructure development. India also provides significant developmental assistance to Nepal.
What is the significance of India’s ties with China?
India-China relations are characterized by a mix of cooperation and competition. The two countries engage in trade, investment, and cultural exchanges, but also have longstanding border disputes and geopolitical competition, especially in the Himalayan region.
What is the status of India’s relationship with Pakistan?
India and Pakistan have a complex relationship marked by historical conflicts, territorial disputes, and periodic attempts at peace talks. The two countries have fought several wars and continue to have diplomatic tensions, particularly regarding the disputed region of Kashmir.
How does India cooperate with Bangladesh?
India and Bangladesh share a multifaceted relationship, cooperating on various fronts including trade, security, water management (sharing rivers), and infrastructure development. The two countries also collaborate on cultural exchanges and people-to-people ties.