Sociology MCQs with answers

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Sociology is the scientific study of human society, social behavior, and social interactions. It is a discipline that examines how individuals, groups, and institutions interact and shape society. Sociologists study various aspects of social life, including social structures, social inequality, social institutions, social change, and social movements.

sociology MCQs with answers practice now

Sociology seeks to understand the patterns and dynamics of human behavior within social contexts. It explores questions about how societies are organized, how social norms and values are created and maintained, and how social forces influence individual and group behavior. Sociologists use a variety of research methods, including surveys, interviews, observations, and statistical analysis, to gather data and analyze social phenomena.

Some key areas of study in sociology include:

  1. Social Stratification: The examination of social classes, social inequality, and social mobility. It explores how social factors such as race, gender, and socioeconomic status influence people’s life chances and opportunities.
  2. Social Institutions: The analysis of the various structures and systems that shape society, such as family, education, religion, politics, and the economy. Sociologists study how these institutions function, how they interact with each other, and how they influence individuals and groups.
  3. Social Change: The investigation of the processes and factors that lead to social change at the individual, group, and societal levels. Sociologists examine how social movements, technological advancements, globalization, and other forces impact societies over time.
  4. Culture and Identity: The exploration of how culture, beliefs, values, and symbols shape human behavior and identity formation. Sociologists study how culture is transmitted across generations and how it influences people’s perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors.
  5. Social Interaction and Relationships: The analysis of how individuals interact with one another and form relationships within social contexts. This includes the study of social norms, social roles, socialization, and the dynamics of groups and communities.

Sociology provides valuable insights into social phenomena, helping us understand the complexities of human society and the factors that contribute to social problems and inequalities. It is a multidisciplinary field that draws on theories and methods from various disciplines, including anthropology, psychology, economics, and political science. Sociological research and knowledge can be applied to various areas, such as policy development, social work, education, and community development, to address social issues and promote positive social change.

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Sociology MCQs with answers

1.What is the study of human society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture?

A. Anthropology

B. Sociology

C. Psychology

D. Economics

Answer: B. Sociology

2. Which sociological perspective emphasizes the role of power and inequality in society?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Conflict Theory

D. Feminism

Answer: C. Conflict Theory

3. What term describes the process through which people learn the beliefs, values, and norms of their society?

A. Socialization

B. Enculturation

C. Acculturation

D. Assimilation

Answer: A. Socialization

4. Which concept refers to a society’s expectations for the proper behavior of individuals in particular positions or social roles?

A. Norms

B. Values

C. Roles

D. Culture

Answer: C. Roles

5. Which sociological perspective views society as a complex system composed of various parts that work together to promote stability and order?

A. Conflict Theory

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Functionalism

D. Feminism

Answer: C. Functionalism

6. What is the term for a large social group sharing the same geographical territory and a common culture?

A. Subculture

B. Counterculture

C. Society

D. Culture

Answer: C. Society

7. Which sociological perspective focuses on how individuals interpret and give meaning to their social interactions?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Conflict Theory

D. Postmodernism

Answer: B. Symbolic Interactionism

8. What term describes the tendency to judge other cultures by the standards and values of one’s own culture?

A. Cultural relativism

B. Ethnocentrism

C. Multiculturalism

D. Pluralism

Answer: B. Ethnocentrism

9. Which concept refers to the negative treatment of a person or group based on their perceived characteristics?

A. Prejudice

B. Discrimination

C. Stereotype

D. Racism

Answer: B. Discrimination

10. What term describes the unequal distribution of resources, power, and opportunities in society?

A. Social stratification

B. Social mobility

C. Socialization

D. Social control

Answer: A. Social stratification

11. Which sociological perspective focuses on the ways in which gender shapes social life?

A. Feminism

B. Conflict Theory

C. Symbolic Interactionism

D. Functionalism

Answer: A. Feminism

12. What is the term for a set of beliefs, values, norms, symbols, and material objects shared by a particular group of people?

A. Culture

B. Society

C. Subculture

D. Counterculture

Answer: A. Culture

13. Which sociological perspective argues that society is shaped by social conflicts and inequalities?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Conflict Theory

D. Postmodernism

Answer: C. Conflict Theory

14. What term describes the process through which individuals and groups acquire and exercise power and authority?

A. Socialization

B. Stratification

C. Political socialization

D. Social control

Answer: C. Political socialization

15. Which sociological perspective focuses on the interplay between individuals and the larger social structures and institutions?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Conflict Theory

D. Postmodernism

Answer: A. Functionalism

16. What term refers to the process of cultural change resulting from the blending of different cultural groups?

A. Assimilation

B. Multiculturalism

C. Globalization

D. Pluralism

Answer: A. Assimilation

17. Which concept refers to the unequal distribution of wealth, income, and resources in a society?

A. Poverty

B. Social inequality

C. Class conflict

D. Social mobility

Answer: B. Social inequality

18. What term describes the process of introducing new cultural elements into an existing culture?

A. Cultural diffusion

B. Cultural relativism

Answer: A. Cultural diffusion

19. Which sociological perspective focuses on the ways in which race, class, and gender intersect to shape social inequality?

A. Feminism

B. Conflict Theory

C. Intersectionality

D. Symbolic Interactionism

Answer: C. Intersectionality

20. What term describes the process of learning cultural norms and values through direct and indirect socialization?

A. Primary socialization

B. Secondary socialization

C. Anticipatory socialization

D. Resocialization

Answer: A. Primary socialization

21. Which concept refers to the shared beliefs, values, and practices that give a group its identity?

A. Socialization

B. Culture

C. Society

D. Norms

Answer: B. Culture

22. What term describes a set of expectations about how people in a particular social position should behave?

A. Roles

B. Status

C. Norms

D. Values

Answer: A. Roles

23. Which sociological perspective focuses on the ways in which individuals and groups actively create and interpret meaning?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic Interactionism

C. Conflict Theory

D. Postmodernism

Answer: B. Symbolic Interactionism

24. What term describes the belief that one’s own culture is superior to others?

A. Cultural relativism

B. Ethnocentrism

C. Multiculturalism

D. Pluralism

Answer: B. Ethnocentrism

25. Which concept refers to the systematic study of society and human social behavior?

A. Sociology

B. Anthropology

C. Psychology

D. Economics

Answer: A. Sociology

26. What term describes the process through which cultural traits and practices are spread from one society to another?

A. Cultural diffusion

B. Cultural assimilation

C. Cultural relativism

D. Cultural pluralism

Answer: A. Cultural diffusion

27. Which sociological perspective focuses on the ways in which social structures and institutions maintain social order?

A. Functionalism

B. Symbolic

Answer: A. Functionalism

28. What term describes a subculture that opposes and rejects the dominant culture’s norms and values?

A. Counterculture

B. Assimilation

C. Ethnocentrism

D. Multiculturalism

Answer: A. Counterculture

29. Which concept refers to the process through which individuals move up or down the social ladder within a society?

A. Socialization

B. Social mobility

C. Social stratification

D. Socialization

Answer: B. Social mobility

30. What term describes the systematic study of human society and social behavior?

A. Sociology

B. Anthropology

C. Psychology

D. Economics

Answer: A. Sociology

Who is the father of sociology?

The father of sociology is widely considered to be Auguste Comte, a French philosopher who coined the term “sociology” and is known for his work in developing the scientific study of society.

What is sociology 5 points?

Sociology can be defined in five key points: a) It is the scientific study of human society, social relationships, and social behavior. b) It examines how individuals are shaped by their social interactions and how society is organized. c) It explores social institutions, such as family, education, and government, and their impact on individuals and groups. d) It analyzes social patterns, processes, and changes to understand the dynamics of society. e) It aims to generate knowledge that can contribute to solving social problems and improving society.

Who is father of Indian sociology?

G. S. Ghurye is often referred to as the father of Indian sociology. He was an Indian sociologist and anthropologist who made significant contributions to the development of sociology in India. His work focused on studying Indian society and culture from a sociological perspective.

Why sociology is science?

Sociology is considered a science due to its systematic and empirical approach to studying society. It follows scientific methods of research, including observation, data collection, hypothesis testing, and analysis. Sociologists apply theories and frameworks to understand social phenomena, make predictions, and generate knowledge. The scientific nature of sociology allows for the accumulation of evidence-based findings and the advancement of sociological theories.

What is the use of sociology?

Sociology has several practical uses: a) It helps in understanding social issues and problems, such as poverty, inequality, crime, and discrimination, which can inform policy and interventions. b) It provides insights into social processes, such as socialization, deviance, and social change, helping societies adapt and progress. c) It aids in analyzing and evaluating social policies, programs, and institutions to identify their strengths, weaknesses, and impacts. d) It contributes to the development of a more inclusive and just society by studying social inequalities and advocating for social justice. e) It assists in studying and improving interpersonal and group interactions, fostering better communication, cooperation, and understanding among individuals and communities.

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