In a world increasingly concerned about the health of our planet, environmental science plays a pivotal role in understanding and addressing the challenges facing our natural environment. Here’s a short note on the fascinating field of environmental science:join Telegram channel
Environmental science is a multidisciplinary field that explores the intricate web of interactions between living organisms and their surroundings. It delves into various aspects of the environment, from the air we breathe to the ecosystems that sustain life on Earth.
- Interconnected Systems: Environmental scientists study the Earth as a complex system where everything is interconnected. This holistic approach helps us comprehend the consequences of human activities on the environment.
- Climate Change: One of the most pressing issues in environmental science is climate change. Scientists investigate the causes, effects, and mitigation strategies for this global crisis, emphasizing the importance of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
- Biodiversity Conservation: Environmental scientists work tirelessly to protect the Earth’s biodiversity. They explore ways to preserve endangered species, maintain healthy ecosystems, and combat threats like habitat loss and poaching.
- Resource Management: Sustainable resource management is vital for the long-term health of our planet. Environmental scientists study how we can responsibly use and conserve natural resources such as water, forests, and minerals.
- Pollution Control: They also focus on reducing pollution in all its forms, from air and water pollution to plastic waste. Innovative solutions, like cleaner technologies and waste reduction initiatives, are part of their toolbox.
- Renewable Energy: With the growing demand for energy, environmental scientists are at the forefront of researching and promoting renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower.
- Environmental Education: Environmental science promotes awareness and education about environmental issues. It empowers individuals and communities to make informed choices that benefit the planet.
- Policy and Advocacy: Environmental scientists often collaborate with policymakers and advocacy groups to influence decisions that can impact the environment positively.
Environmental science is the key to understanding, preserving, and improving the health of our planet. It is a dynamic field that continuously evolves as we face new environmental challenges. By studying and applying the principles of environmental science, we can work towards a more sustainable and harmonious coexistence with our natural world.
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Most important MCQs on Environmental Science 2023
Q1. Which of the following is not related to environmental protection?
(a) Sustainable Development
(b) Poverty Alleviation
(c) Air Conditioning
(d) Use of Paper Bags
Q2. The Environment (Protection) Act of India was enacted in
Q3. Environment is a composite state of
(a) Biotic factors
(b) Physiographic factors
(c) Abiotic factors
(d) All of the above
Q4. Environment can be classified as following categories. Which among the following is NOT a part of such a category?
(a) Operational Environment
(b) Physical Environment
(c) Cultural Environment
(d) Biological Environment
Q5. What is blue carbon?
(a) Carbon captured by oceans and coastal ecosystems
(b) Carbon sequestered in forest biomass and agricultural soils
(c) Carbon contained in petroleum and natural gas
(d) Carbon present in atmosphere
Q6. World Environment Day is celebrated on:
(a) 21 March
(b) 23 September
(c) 5 June
(d) 25 May
Q7. The main role of solar radiation is in
(a) Carbon cycle
(b) Hydrogen cycle
(c) Water cycle
(d) Nitrogen cycle
Q8. National Environmental Engineering Research Institute is situated at:
(d) New Delhi
Q9. When and where the National Environment Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) was established?
(a) 1970, Dhanbad
(b) 1958, Nagpur
(c) 1956 ,New Delhi
(d) 1960, Chennai
Q10. ‘Earth Summit’ was held at:
Q11. What is the thin layer of gases around the earth called?
(b) Water particle
Q12. Air is a/an:
Q13. In the atmosphere, the highest percentage is of:
(b) Carbon dioxide
Q14. The concept of weathering relates to
(a) Deposition of decomposed material
(b) Change in weather conditions day to day
(c) Natural process leading to the decomposition of rocks
(d) None of the above
Q15. The Headquarter of the World Meteorological Organization is located at – (a) Geneva
Q16. Where is the headquarters of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)?
(a) The Hague
(c) New York
(d) Washington D.C
Q17. What does EPA stand for
(a) Environment Pollution Agency
(b) Environmental Prohibition Agency
(c) Environment Protection Agency
(d) None of these
Q18. N.E.A. Stands for:
(a) National Enquiry Act
(b) National Environment Authority
(c) National Examination Agency
(d) National Event Association
Q19. The headquarters of the Green Peace International is located at
Q20. To label environment-friendly consumer products, the Government has introduced:
(b) Eco mark
(c) ISI Mark
Q21. Environmental degradation means
(a) Overall degradation of environmental attributes
(b) Adverse changes brought in by human activities
(c) Ecological imbalance because of ecological diversity
(d) All the above
Q22. What is the primary greenhouse gas responsible for global warming?
a) Carbon dioxide (CO2)
b) Oxygen (O2)
c) Nitrogen (N2)
d) Methane (CH4)
Q23. Which layer of the Earth’s atmosphere contains the ozone layer?
Q24. What is the term for the gradual increase in Earth’s average temperature due to human activities?
a) Global cooling
b) Climate change
c) Greenhouse effect
d) Ozone depletion
Q25. Which international agreement aims to combat climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions?
a) Paris Agreement
b) Kyoto Protocol
c) Rio Declaration
d) Copenhagen Accord
Q26. What is the term for the variety of life on Earth, including the diversity of species and ecosystems?
Q27. Which of the following is a major cause of soil erosion?
c) Organic farming
Q28. Which gas is responsible for the depletion of the ozone layer?
a) Oxygen (O2)
b) Carbon dioxide (CO2)
c) Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
d) Nitrogen (N2)
Q29. What is the largest source of marine pollution?
a) Oil spills
b) Plastic waste
c) Sewage discharge
d) Heavy metals
Q30. Which natural disaster is often linked to deforestation and heavy rainfall?
Q31. Which of the following is an example of a non-point source of water pollution?
a) Factory discharge pipe
b) Sewage treatment plant
c) Pesticide runoff from a farm field
d) Oil spill from a tanker
Q32. What is the primary cause of coral bleaching?
b) Increased water temperature
d) Ocean acidification
Q33. What is the main driver of habitat loss and species extinction?
b) Climate change
c) Habitat destruction
Q34. Which type of pollution is caused by the release of harmful chemicals into the air, water, or soil?
a) Thermal pollution
b) Noise pollution
c) Chemical pollution
d) Light pollution
Q35.Which renewable energy source relies on the heat stored in the Earth’s interior?
a) Wind energy
b) Solar power
c) Geothermal energy
d) Hydroelectric energy
Q36. Which of the following is a key factor contributing to the loss of biodiversity?
a) Protected wildlife reserves
b) Habitat preservation
c) Invasive species
d) Conservation efforts
Q37. Which gas is primarily responsible for the formation of smog in urban areas?
a) Oxygen (O2)
b) Nitrogen (N2)
c) Carbon dioxide (CO2)
d) Sulphur dioxide (SO2)
Q38. What is the term for the process of using living organisms to clean up environmental pollution?
c) Erosion control
d) Solar remediation
Q39. What is the term for the loss of a species from a particular habitat or from the entire planet?
Q40. Which oceanic phenomenon refers to the periodic warming of sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern Pacific Ocean?
a) El Niño
b) La Niña
What is Environmental Science?
Environmental science is a multidisciplinary field that studies the interactions between living organisms and their environment. It explores the Earth’s ecosystems, natural resources, pollution, climate change, and ways to sustainably manage and protect our planet
Why is Environmental Science Important?
Environmental science is crucial because it helps us understand the environmental challenges we face, such as pollution, climate change, and biodiversity loss. It provides the knowledge and tools needed to address these issues and ensure a sustainable future for generations to come
How Does Environmental Science Contribute to Solving Environmental Problems?
Environmental scientists conduct research to identify the root causes of environmental problems, develop solutions, and advocate for policies and practices that mitigate these issues. Their work informs decision-makers and empowers individuals to make environmentally responsible choices.
What Are the Major Environmental Concerns Today?
Some of the major environmental concerns include climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions, loss of biodiversity and habitat destruction, air and water pollution, deforestation, overexploitation of natural resources, and the accumulation of plastic waste in ecosystems.
What Can Individuals Do to Help the Environment?
Individuals can make a significant impact by adopting eco-friendly practices such as reducing energy consumption, conserving water, recycling, reducing waste, supporting sustainable products and practices, and advocating for environmentally responsible policies in their communities.