MCQs on Buddhism and Jainism

Rate this post

Buddhism and Jainism are two of the most ancient and influential religious traditions that emerged in ancient India. While they share some similarities in their philosophical and ethical teachings, they also have distinct beliefs, practices, and historical trajectories. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) can be an effective way to test one’s understanding of these religions, their core tenets, historical figures, and cultural impact.

MCQs on Buddhism and Jainism Practice Now

We present a series of MCQs that delve into the intricacies of Buddhism and Jainism, covering topics ranging from their origins and foundational principles to their sacred texts, practices, and contemporary relevance. Whether you’re a student, a scholar, or simply someone with a keen interest in these fascinating belief systems, these MCQs will challenge your knowledge and provide an opportunity to deepen your understanding of these rich spiritual traditions.

Buddhism and Jainism are two of the most ancient and influential religious traditions that emerged in ancient India, shaping the spiritual landscape of the subcontinent and beyond. While they share some similarities in their philosophical and ethical teachings, such as a emphasis on non-violence, detachment, and the pursuit of enlightenment, they also have distinct beliefs, practices, and historical trajectories.

Get Best MCQs Book on Ancient History of India

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) can be an effective way to test one’s understanding of these religions, their core tenets, historical figures, and cultural impact. We present a comprehensive series of MCQs that delve into the intricacies of Buddhism and Jainism, covering a wide range of topics from their origins and foundational principles to their sacred texts, practices, significant events, and contemporary relevance.

These MCQs are designed to challenge both novice learners and those with a deeper familiarity with these belief systems, offering a unique opportunity to assess and reinforce one’s knowledge. Whether you’re a student studying world religions, a scholar delving into the nuances of these traditions, or simply someone with a keen interest in exploring the rich tapestry of spiritual thought, these MCQs will not only test your understanding but also provide valuable insights into the profound wisdom and enduring influence of Buddhism and Jainism.

MCQ on Jainism and Buddhism

Q1. When was Gautam Buddha born?

(a) 563 B.C

(b) 561 B.C

(c) 558 B.C

(d) 544 B.C

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) 563 B.C

Q2. Which of the events of Buddha’s life is known as ‘Mahabhinishkramana’?

(a) His death

(b) His birth

(c) His departure from home

(d) His attainment of enlightenment

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) His departure from home

Q3. Gautam Buddha was born at

(a) Vaishali 

(b) Lumbini

(c) Kapilvastu 

(d) Patliputra

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Lumbini

Q4. What is the original name of Buddha?

A) Siddhartha Gautama

B) Ashoka

C) Mahavira

D) Aryabhata

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Siddhartha Gautama

Q5. Where did Mahatma Buddha’s ‘Mahaparinirvan’ take  place?

(a) Lumbini 

(b) Bodh Gaya 

(c) Kushinagar

(d) Kapilvastu

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Kushinagar

Q6. Gautam Buddha attained “Mahaparinirvana” in  kingdom of 

(a) Aung 

(b) Magadha  

(c) Malla

(d) Vatsa

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Malla

Q7. Mahaparinirvana Temple is located at  (a) Kushinagar

(b) Sarnath 

(c) Bodh Gaya 

(d) Shravasti

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Kushinagar. UP

Q8. Who amongst the following was the last person  converted by the Buddha?

(a) Anand 

(b) Vasumitra 

(c) Ghoshal 

(d) Subhadda

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Subhadda

Q9. What is the term used to refer to the Buddha’s teachings?

A) Dharma

B) Karma

C) Nirvana

D) Sangha

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Dharma

Q10. Where did Buddha reside during the last rainy season  of his life?

(a) Shravasti 

(b) Vaishali

(c) Kushinagar 

(d) Sarnath

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Vaishali

Q11. Who was Alara Kalama?

 (a) A disciple of Buddha

 (b) A distinguished Buddhist monk

 (c) A king of Buddha’s time

 (d) A teacher of Buddha

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) A teacher of Buddha

Q12. Where did Buddha preach his fi rst sermon?

(a) Kashi 

(b) Sarnath

(c) Kushinagar 

(d) Bodh Gaya

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Sarnath

Q13. In Buddhist text “Dharmachakra Pravartana” is  known as 

(a) His (Buddha) sight 

(b) First Sermon at Sarnath

(c) His religious norms 

(d) Buddha rituals

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) First Sermon at Sarnath

Q14. Which philosophy accepts ‘Triratna’?

(a) Buddhism

(b) Nyaya philosophy

(c) Yoga philosophy 

(d) Jainism

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Buddhism

Q15. What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?

A) To become wealthy

B) To attain enlightenment or Nirvana

C) To gain power

D) To seek revenge

[adinserter block=”6″]

B) To attain enlightenment or Nirvana

Q16. What does ‘Triratna’ means in Buddhism?

(a) Tripitaka  

(b) Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha

(c) Sheel, Samadhi, Sangha

(d) Satya, Ahinsa, Karuna

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha

Q17. Who among the following conducted the first Buddhist Council ? 

(a) Ananda 

(b) Mahakassapa

(c) Moggaliputta Tissa  

(d) Upali

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Mahakassapa

Q18.Which of the following rulers convened the Fourth  Buddhist Council in Kashmir?

(a) Ashoka

(b) Ajatashatru  

(c) Kanishka

(d) Kalashoka

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Kanishka

Q19. The first Buddhist council was held in which of the  following cities.

(a) Nalanda 

(b) Gaya

(c) Rajgir

(d) Bodhgaya

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Rajgir

Q20. The Second Buddhist Council was held at which place?

(a) Rajgriha

(b) Vaishali

(c) Pataliputra 

(d) Kashi (Varanasi)

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Vaishali

Q21. Where was the third Buddhist Council held?

(a) Taxila 

(b) Sarnath  

(c) Bodhgaya 

(d) Pataliputra

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Pataliputra

Q22. The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at which place

(a) Magadha 

(b) Pataliputra 

(c) Kashmir

(d) Rajgriha

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Kashmir

Q23. Which of the following is NOT one of the Three Jewels (Triratna) of Buddhism?

A) The Buddha

B) The Dharma

C) The Guru

D) The Sangha

[adinserter block=”6″]

C) The Guru

Q24. What is the term used to refer to the cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth?

A) Karma

B) Samsara

C) Nirvana

D) Dhamma

[adinserter block=”6″]

B) Samsara

Q25. Who is called ‘Crypto-Buddhist’?

(a) Shankara

(b) Kapil  

(c) Ramanuja 

(d) Patanjali

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Shankara

Q26. What is “Tripitaka”?

(a) Three monkeys of Gandhiji 

(b) Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh  

(c) Triratnas of Mahavira  

(d) Collection of the preachings of Buddha

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Collection of the preachings of Buddha

Q27. Which of the following is NOT one of the Four Noble Truths? 

A) The truth of suffering 

B) The truth of the origin of suffering C) The truth of the end of suffering D) The truth of the eightfold path to enlightenment 

E) The truth of reincarnation

[adinserter block=”6″]

E) The truth of reincarnation

Q28. Tripitakas are the sacred books of the  

(a) Jains 

(b) Hindus

(c) Parsees

(d) Buddhists

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Buddhists

Q29. Ashokaram monastery was situated at 

(a) Vaishali 

(b) Pataliputra

(c) Kaushambi 

(d) Shravasti

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Pataliputra

Q30. The Stupa site which is not connected with any incident of Lord Buddha’s life, is :

(a) Sarnath 

(b) Sanchi

(c) Bodhgaya 

(d) Kusinara

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Sanchi

Q31. What is the term for the state of being fully awake or enlightened?

A) Bodhi

B) Samsara

C) Karma

D) Nirvana

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Bodhi

Q32. Who advocated ‘Neo-Buddhism’?

(a) Radhakrishnan

(b) Tagore 

(c) Ambedkar

(d) Vivekananda

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Ambedkar

Q33. Who among the following is known as the ‘Light of Asia’?

(a) Gautama Buddha

(b) Mahatma Gandhi 

(c) Mahavir Swami 

(d) Swami Vivekanand

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Gautama Buddha

Q34. What is the fundamental diff erence between Hinayana  and Mahayana sects of Buddhism?

(a) Belief in Non-violence  

(b) Caste free society  

(c) Worship of God and Goddess

(d) Worship of stupas

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Worship of God and Goddess

Q35. Which of the following laid the foundation of idol worship in the country?

(a) Jainism 

(b) Buddhism

(c) Ajivikas 

(d) Vedic religion

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Buddhism

Q36. To which Buddhist School did Nagarjuna belong ?

(a) Sautrantika 

(b) Vaibhashika  

(c) Madhyamika

(d) Yogachara

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Madhyamika

Q37.  Buddhist centre of learning is  (a) Vikramshila

(b) Varanasi 

(c) Girnar 

(d) Ujjain

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Vikramshila

Q38. What is the name of the tree under which the Buddha attained enlightenment?

A) Bodhi Tree

B) Banyan Tree

C) Peepal Tree

D) Neem Tree

[adinserter block=”6″]

C) Peepal Tree

Q39. Vallabhi University was situated in 

(a) Bihar 

(b) Uttar Pradesh 

(c) Bengal 

(d) Gujarat

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Gujarat

Q40. Nalanda University was founded during the dynasty of 

(a) Maurya 

(b) Kushan

(c) Gupta

(d) Pala

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Gupta

Q41. Who was the founder of Nalanda University?

(a) Chandragupta Vikramaditya

(b) Kumargupta

(c) Dharmapal 

(d) Pushyagupta

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Kumargupta

Q42. Why was Nalanda University famous in the world?

(a) Medical Science 

(b) Philosophy  

(c) Buddhist Religious Philosophy

(d) Chemical Science

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Buddhist Religious Philosophy

Q43. Which of the following is NOT one of the Three Marks of Existence?

A) Impermanence (Anicca)

B) Non-self (Anatta)

C) Suffering (Dukkha)

D) Bliss (Sukha)

[adinserter block=”6″]

D) Bliss (Sukha)

Q44. What is the term for a Buddhist monastery?

A) Stupa

B) Vihara

C) Pagoda

D) Chorten

[adinserter block=”6″]

B) Vihara

Q45. Who has propounded the doctrine of momentariness?

(a) Buddha

(b) Jaina 

(c) Charvaka 

(d) Nyaya

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Buddha

Q46. Which form of Buddhism was prominent during the  Sultanate period?

(a) Theravada 

(b) Hinayana

(c) Vajrayana

(d) Tantrayana

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Vajrayana

Q47. What is the term for the wheel that represents the Buddha’s teachings?

A) Dharmachakra

B) Stupa

C) Mandala

D) Thangka

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Dharmachakra

Q48. Which of the following is NOT one of the Three Poisons in Buddhism?

A) Greed

B) Hatred

C) Delusion

D) Envy

[adinserter block=”6″]

D) Envy

Q49. What is the term for the Buddhist teaching of non-violence or non-harming?

A) Ahimsa

B) Dharma

C) Karma

D) Samsara

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Ahimsa

Q50. What is the term for a Buddhist monk or nun?

A) Bhikkhu (male) / Bhikkhuni (female)

B) Lama

C) Roshi

D) Geshe

[adinserter block=”6″]

A) Bhikkhu (male) / Bhikkhuni (female)

Q51. The originator of the Jain religion is 

(a) Arya Sudharma 

(b) Mahavira Swami  

(c) Parshwanath 

(d) Rishabh Dev

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Rishabh Dev

Q52. Which of the following is NOT one of the three jewels (ratna-traya) of Jainism?

a) Right Knowledge

b) Right Faith

c) Right Conduct

d) Right Livelihood

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Right Livelihood

Q53. Where was Mahavira Swami born?

(a) Kundagram

(b) Pataliputra  

(c) Magadha 

(d) Vaishali

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Kundagram

Q54.Mahavira Jain breathed his last at 

(a) Rajgir 

(b) Ranchi  

(c) Pavapuri

(d) Samastipur

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Pavapuri

Q55. On the banks of which river did Mahavira Swami  attain enlightenment?

(a) Swarnasikta 

(b) Palashini  

(c) Ganga 

(d) Rijupalika

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Rijupalika

Q56. The word Tirthankara is related to 

(a) Buddhists 

(b) Christians  

(c) Hindus 

(d) Jains

[adinserter block=”6″]

(d) Jains

Q57. The last Tirthankara of the present cosmic age is:

a) Mahavira

b) Parshvanath

c) Neminath

d) Rishabhanath

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) Mahavira

Q58. How many spiritual beings are believed to exist according to Jainism?

a) Two

b) Five

c) Seven

d) Infinite

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Infinite

Q59. Which one of the following was not a Jain Tirthankara ?

(a) Chandraprabhu 

(b) Nathamuni

(c) Nemi 

(d) Sambhav

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Nathamuni

Q60. Prabhasgiri is a pilgrim spot of :   (a) Buddhists 

(b) Jains

(c) Saivites

(d) Vaishnavites

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Jains

Q61. In Jain Religion, which word is used for ‘Complete  Intellect’?

(a) Jin 

(b) Ratna

(c) Kaivalya

(d) Nirvana

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Kaivalya

Q62. Syadvad is a doctrine of 

(a) Lokayatism 

(b) Shaivism  

(c) Jainism

(d) Vaishnavism

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Jainism

Q63. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created  and maintained by  

(a) Universal Law

(b) Universal Truth

(c) Universal Faith 

(d) Universal Soul

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Universal Law

Q64. Which of the following is NOT one of the five great vows (mahavrata) of Jainism?

a) Non-violence

b) Non-stealing

c) Non-possession

d) Non-lying

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Non-lying

Q65. Jainism originated in:

a) Northern India

b) Southern India

c) Central India

d) Eastern India

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) Northern India

Q66. The Basic point of Jainism is (a) Act 

(b) Loyalty  

(c) Non-violence

(d) Disfavour

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Non-violence

Q67. Which of the following is the earliest holy book of Jain?

(a) Twelve Angas 

(b) Twelve Upangas

(c) Fourteen Purvas

(d) Fourteen Uppurva

[adinserter block=”6″]

(c) Fourteen Purvas

Q68. The first disciple of Lord Mahavir was 

(a) Jamali

(b) Yashoda  

(c) Bipin 

(d) Prabhas

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Jamali

Q69. “Samadhi Maran” related to Philosophy?

(a) Buddhist Philosophy  

(b) Jain Philosophy

(c) Yoga Philosophy  

(d) Lokayata Philosophy

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Jain Philosophy

Q70. Which of the following is the supreme principle or truth in Jainism?

a) Karma

b) Moksha

c) Anekantavada

d) Ahimsa

[adinserter block=”6″]

c) Anekantavada

Q71. Jains are divided into how many major sects?

a) One

b) Two

c) Three

d) Four

[adinserter block=”6″]

b) Two

Q72. The sect which believed in abiding nature of destiny:

(a) Jainism 

(b) Ajivakas

(c) Charvaka 

(d) Buddhism

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Ajivakas

Q73. Who used the caves of Barabar as their shelter-house?

(a) Ajivakas

(b) Tharus 

(c) Jains 

(d) Tantrikas

[adinserter block=”6″]

(a) Ajivakas

Q74. Which one of the following is not true about the  Barabar hill caves?

(a) There are in all four caves on the Barabar hill  

(b) Inscriptions of Ashoka are found on the walls of three  caves

(c) These inscriptions inform us about the dedication of  these caves to the Ajivikas  

(d) These inscriptions date back to 6th century BC.

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Inscriptions of Ashoka are found on the walls of three  caves

Q75. The famous pilgrimage of Buddhists as well as of  Jains in Uttar Pradesh is at 

(a) Sarnath 

(b) Kaushambi

(c) Devipatan 

(d) Kushinagar

[adinserter block=”6″]

(b) Kaushambi

Q76. What is the name given to a Jain ascetic?

a) Bhikku

b) Sadhu

c) Arhat

d) Siddha

[adinserter block=”6″]

b) Sadhu

Q77. The sacred formula of Jainism is:

a) Namo Arihantanam

b) Om Namah Shivaya

c) Om Mani Padme Hum

d) Sat Chit Ananda

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) Namo Arihantanam

Q78. Which holy book contains the teachings of Mahavira?

a) Kalpasutra

b) Acarangasutra

c) Both a and b

d) Neither a nor b

[adinserter block=”6″]

c) Both a and b

Q79. The doctrine of “anekantavada” means:

a) Non-violence

b) Non-attachment

c) Non-possession

d) Non-absolutism

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Non-absolutism

Q80. The term “Arhat” refers to:

a) An enlightened soul

b) An ascetic

c) A lay follower

d) A sacred place

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) An enlightened soul

Q81. Jains follow a strict:

a) Vegetarian diet

b) Non-vegetarian diet

c) Can eat both vegetarian and non-vegetarian

d) None of the above

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) Vegetarian diet

Q82. Who was the first Tirthankara?

a) Mahavira

b) Parshvanath

c) Rishabhanath

d) Neminath

[adinserter block=”6″]

c) Rishabhanath

Q83. What is the literal meaning of the term “Jain”?

a) Enlightened one

b) Ascetic

c) Conqueror

d) Seeker of truth

[adinserter block=”6″]

c) Conqueror

Q84. Which of these is NOT one of the three primary disciplines of Jainism?

a) Right Perception

b) Right Knowledge

c) Right Action

d) Right Belief

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Right Belief

Q85. According to Jainism, what is the cause of rebirth?

a) Karma

b) Maya

c) Nirvana

d) Moksha

[adinserter block=”6″]

a) Karma

Q86. Which of the following is NOT a fundamental principle of Jainism?

a) Non-violence

b) Non-attachment

c) Non-possession

d) Celibacy

[adinserter block=”6″]

d) Celibacy

Jainism and Buddhism questions and answers

  1. Who is the founder of Buddhism?
    a) Mahavira
    b) Gautama Buddha
    c) Adi Shankara
    d) Guru Nanak

Answer: b) Gautama Buddha

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the Three Jewels (Triratna) of Buddhism?
    a) The Buddha
    b) The Dharma
    c) The Sangha
    d) The Vedas

Answer: d) The Vedas

  1. What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?
    a) Moksha
    b) Nirvana
    c) Brahman
    d) Samsara

Answer: b) Nirvana

  1. Who is the founder of Jainism?
    a) Gautama Buddha
    b) Mahavira
    c) Adi Shankara
    d) Guru Nanak

Answer: b) Mahavira

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the Three Jewels (Triratna) of Jainism?
    a) Right Faith
    b) Right Knowledge
    c) Right Conduct
    d) The Sangha

Answer: d) The Sangha

  1. What is the ultimate goal of Jainism?
    a) Moksha
    b) Nirvana
    c) Brahman
    d) Samsara

Answer: a) Moksha

  1. Which of the following is a sacred text of Buddhism?
    a) Vedas
    b) Upanishads
    c) Tripitaka
    d) Bhagavad Gita

Answer: c) Tripitaka

  1. Which of the following is a sacred text of Jainism?
    a) Vedas
    b) Upanishads
    c) Agamas
    d) Bhagavad Gita

Answer: c) Agamas

  1. What is the concept of “ahimsa” in both Buddhism and Jainism?
    a) Non-violence
    b) Meditation
    c) Reincarnation
    d) Karma

Answer: a) Non-violence

  1. Which of the following is a fundamental principle of both Buddhism and Jainism?
    a) Caste system
    b) Idol worship
    c) Detachment from material desires
    d) Sacrificial rituals

Answer: c) Detachment from material desires

MCQS on Buddhism and Jainism pdf Join our Telegram channel Click Here

What is the main difference between Buddhism and Jainism?

The main difference between Buddhism and Jainism lies in their ultimate spiritual goal. The ultimate goal of Buddhism is to achieve Nirvana, which is a state of liberation from suffering and the cycle of rebirth. Jainism, on the other hand, aims for Moksha, which is the complete liberation of the soul from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.

What are the Four Noble Truths in Buddhism?

The Four Noble Truths are the central teachings of Buddhism, which were expounded by Gautama Buddha after attaining enlightenment. These truths are: (1) Dukkha (suffering) is an inherent part of existence, (2) The cause of suffering is craving or desire, (3) The cessation of suffering is achievable by eliminating craving, and (4) The Noble Eightfold Path is the way to eliminate suffering.

What is the concept of “Ahimsa” in Jainism?

“Ahimsa” is the fundamental principle of non-violence in Jainism. It is the highest ethical principle and involves the practice of not harming any living being through thoughts, words, or actions. Jains follow strict vegetarian diets and go to great lengths to avoid harming even the smallest of creatures.

What is the significance of the Eightfold Path in Buddhism?

The Eightfold Path is a practical guideline prescribed by the Buddha for achieving enlightenment and ending suffering. The eight elements of the path are: Right Understanding, Right Thought, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration. Following this path is believed to lead to the cessation of suffering and the attainment of Nirvana.

What are the three main principles of Jainism?

he three main principles of Jainism are: (1) Ahimsa (non-violence), (2) Anekantavada (non-absolutism or multi-perspectivism), and (3) Aparigraha (non-attachment or non-possession). These principles form the foundation of Jain philosophy and are believed to be essential for achieving spiritual liberation.

Leave a Comment