Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India

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Poverty and unemployment are major challenges in India. With a population of more than 1.3 billion, India is one of the most populous countries in the world, and yet it has one of the highest rates of poverty and unemployment in the world. Take this test on Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India. I

Poverty and Unemployment in India

The is estimated that more than one-fourth of the population lives below the poverty line, and unemployment is estimated to be around 6.1%. There are various reasons for poverty and unemployment in India, including lack of education and skills, lack of employment opportunities, and lack of access to resources. The government of India has taken various steps to reduce poverty and unemployment, such as initiating job creation schemes, providing employment opportunities in rural areas, and encouraging self-employment. To better understand poverty and unemployment in India, let’s take a look at the following multiple-choice questions on the subject. Practice the Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India and enrich your knowledge

Mcqs on Population, Poverty and Unemployment in India

Q1. Name the programme of poverty  alleviation launched by the Govt. of India  which was immensely benefited the  rural poor-  

(a) Jawahar Rojgar Yojana  

(b) Indira Gandhi Rural Housing Programme  (c) Food for Work programme 

(d) National Rural Employment Guarantee  Programme

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(d) National Rural Employment Guarantee  Programme

Q2. The most important economic problem,  India is currently facing is   

(a) Inadequate supplies of infrastructural  services

(b) Inadequate supplies of skilled  manpower   (c) Inefficiency of private sector firms  

(d) None of  the above

(a) Inadequate supplies of infrastructural  services

Q3. Community Development Programme  started in   

(a) 1952

(b) 1956 

(c) 1972

(d) 1980

(a) 1952

Q4. Balwantrai Mehta Committee was  appointed   

(a) To formulate child welfare programme

(b) To formulate National Security Policy   

(c) To examine the Community  Development Projects

(d) To formulate labour welfare programme

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(c) To examine the Community  Development Projects

Q5. Mid-day Meal Scheme was launched in   (a) 1996

(b) 1997  

(c) 1998 

(d) 1995

(d) 1995

Q6. At Present the National Commission on  population is under  

(a) Ministry of Health

(b) Planning Commission 

(c) Ministry of Human Resource  Development   (d) Cabinet Secretariat

(a) Ministry of Health

Q7. This type of unemployment can occur  even in a situation of full employment.

(a) Structural unemployment

(b) Functional unemployment

(c) Cyclical unemployment

(d) Disguised unemployment

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(c) Cyclical unemployment

Q8. ‘Disguised unemployment’ refers to:  

(a) persons with no jobs  

(b) more persons employed for a job which  a few can Accomplish

(c) unemployment among women 

(d) unemployment of people above 60 years  of age

(b) more persons employed for a job which  a few can Accomplish

Q9. The type of unemployment mostly found  in India can be characterised as: 

(a) Disguised

(b) Cyclical 

(c) Frictional

(d) Structural

(a) Disguised

Q10. Which of the following is associated with  poverty estimation ? 

(a) Tendulkar committee

(b) Lakdawala committee 

(c) Saxena committee 

(d) All the above

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(d) All the above

Q11. It introduced the new term “Poverty Line Basket” to determine and estimate poverty

(a) Tendulkar committee

(b) Lakdawala committee 

(c) Saxena committee 

(d) Rangarajan Committee

(a) Tendulkar committee

Q12. Which of the following is an indicator of  poverty in India?  

(a) Income level

(b) Illiteracy level  

(c) Employment level  

(d) All of these

(a) Income level

Q13. Unemployment which occurs when  workers move from one job to another  job is known as:  

(a) Cyclical unemployment 

(b) Frictional unemployment

(c) Technological unemployment 

(d) Seasonal unemployment

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(b) Frictional unemployment

Q14. Which among the following are the eligible  beneficiaries of the “Mahatma Gandhi  National Rural Employment Guarantee  Act” are? 

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(a) Adult members of any household

(b) Adult members of households of all  backward communities  

(c) Adult members of below poverty line 

(BPL) households 

(d) Adult members of only the scheduled  caste and scheduled tribe households

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(a) Adult members of any household

Q15. Operation Blackboard aims at:  

(a) Providing education to urban slum  dwellers  (b) Promoting adult literacy 

(c) Opening of new schools specially for  female children  

(d) Providing primary education in an  educationally backward area. 

(d) Providing primary education in an  educationally backward area

Q16. Poverty in underdeveloped countries is  large because of:  

(a) Lack of intelligence of the people 

(b) Lack of cultural activities 

(c) Income inequality

(d) Voluntary idleness

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(c) Income inequality

Q17. Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana was launched in

(a) 1999 

(b) 2005 

(c) 2015

(d) 2017

(c) 2015

Q18. Which period is referred to as the period of steady population growth? 

(a) 1901-1911

(b) 1911-1921

(c) 1921-1951

(d) 1951-1981

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(c) 1921-1951

Q19. Which period is referred to as the period of population explosion in India? 

(a) 1901-1911

(b) 1911-1921

(c) 1921-1951

(d) 1951-1981

(d) 1951-1981

Q20. Which committee was the first in India to define the poverty line.

(a) Rangarajan Committee

(b) Alagh Committee

(c) Lakdawala Formula

(d) Suresh Tendulkar Committee

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(b) Alagh Committee

Q21. Which committee was also based on household per capita expenditure? 

(a) Rangarajan Committee

(b) Suresh Tendulkar Committee

(c) Lakdawala Formula

(d) Alagh Committee

(c) Lakdawala Formula

Q22. Stand-up India Scheme aims at:

(a) Employment to at least 75% of the trained  candidates.

(b) It aims to give  financial and technical assistance to new start-ups

(c) This promotes the development of the non-farming  sector in rural areas

(d) Empower SC/STs and women by giving them a loan. 

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(c) This promotes the development of the non-farming  sector in rural areas

Poverty and unemployment in India have been issues of serious concern in recent times. The World Bank estimates that around 22.5% of India’s population was living below the poverty line in 2019. The unemployment rate in India also stood at 6.1% as of August 2020. In this post, we look at some of the frequently asked questions (FAQs) on poverty and unemployment in India.

Questions on Poverty and Unemployment in India

Multiple Choice Questions Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India aim to assess the understanding of the causes, effects and solutions to poverty and unemployment in India. These questions may cover topics such as:

  • The definition of poverty and unemployment
  • The various poverty lines and measurements used to estimate poverty in India
  • The factors contributing to poverty and unemployment in India
  • The impact of poverty and unemployment on individuals, families and communities
  • Government policies and programs aimed at reducing poverty and unemployment in India
  • The role of education, skill development and entrepreneurship in addressing poverty and unemployment

MCQs on Poverty and Unemployment in India can be useful for students, researchers, policy makers, and anyone interested in understanding the challenges faced by India in addressing poverty and unemployment.

Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India
Mcqs on Poverty and Unemployment in India

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FAQS

Q.1 What are the main causes of poverty and unemployment in India?

The main causes of poverty and unemployment in India include a lack of access to resources, widespread inequality, lack of education, low wages, lack of job opportunities, and a weak agricultural sector. Other factors such as health, climate change, access to credit, and population growth also contribute to poverty and unemployment in India.

Q.2 What are the impacts of poverty and unemployment in India?

A. Poverty and unemployment in India are associated with various negative impacts such as poor health and nutrition, lack of access to education and other basic services, increased crime and violence, and environmental degradation. Poverty and unemployment can also lead to social unrest, political instability, and economic stagnation.

Q.3 How can poverty and unemployment in India be tackled?

A. Poverty and unemployment in India can be tackled through various policy measures, such as increasing job creation, improving access to education and other basic services, encouraging the growth of small and medium enterprises, providing access to credit, and investing in infrastructure. The government also needs to focus on improving access to healthcare, increasing access to clean water, and improving the agricultural sector.

Q.4 What are the government policies that are addressing poverty and unemployment in India?

A. The government of India has implemented a variety of policies to address poverty and unemployment in India. These include the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), and the Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojana (PMRY). The government has also introduced a number of schemes to support small and medium enterprises and encourage entrepreneurship.

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