Political science class 12 mcqs with answers

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Political science is a social science discipline that focuses on the study of politics, government systems, political behavior, and political institutions. It explores various aspects of political life, including the theory and practice of government, the analysis of political systems and ideologies, the study of public policies, and the examination of political behavior and processes.

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Political science aims to understand and explain the dynamics of power, decision-making, and governance in different contexts, ranging from local communities to national and international levels. It encompasses a wide range of subfields, including comparative politics, international relations, political theory, public administration, public policy, and political economy

Political science class 12 mcqs with answers practice now

Some key areas of study within political science include:

  1. Comparative Politics: This field focuses on the comparison and analysis of different political systems, including their structures, processes, and outcomes. Comparative politics seeks to understand similarities and differences in governance, political institutions, and policies across countries and regions.
  2. International Relations: International relations examines interactions among states, non-state actors, and international organizations in the global arena. It explores topics such as diplomacy, foreign policy, international security, global governance, and international cooperation and conflict.
  3. Political Theory: Political theory explores the ideas, concepts, and principles that underpin political systems and ideologies. It examines the works of political philosophers and theorists throughout history and analyzes their relevance to contemporary political thought.
  4. Public Administration and Public Policy: Public administration focuses on the study of government bureaucracies and the management of public resources and services. Public policy examines the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of government policies and their impact on society.
  5. Political Economy: Political economy investigates the interplay between politics and economics, studying how political factors influence economic systems and outcomes. It explores issues such as economic development, inequality, globalization, and the role of institutions in shaping economic behavior.

Political science class 12 mcqs with answers

1.Which of the following is not a feature of a democratic government?

a) Rule of law

b) Free and fair elections

c) Concentration of power in the hands of a few

d) Protection of individual rights

Answer: c) Concentration of power in the hands of a few

2. The concept of ‘Separation of Powers’ was advocated by:

a) Aristotle

b) Karl Marx

c) Montesquieu

d) John Locke

Answer: c) Montesquieu

3. Who is the final interpreter of the Constitution in India?

a) President of India

b) Parliament

c) Supreme Court

d) Prime Minister

Answer: c) Supreme Court

4. Which of the following is an example of a federal state?

a) United Kingdom

b) France

c) India

d) China

Answer: c) India

5. Who is known as the ‘Father of the Indian Constitution’?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru

b) Mahatma Gandhi

c) B.R. Ambedkar

d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: c) B.R. Ambedkar

6. The President of the United States is elected for a term of:

a) 4 years

b) 6 years

c) 8 years

d) 10 years

Answer: a) 4 years

7. Who appoints the Chief Justice of India?

a) Prime Minister

b) President of India

c) Chief Justice of India

d) Supreme Court judges

Answer: b) President of India

8. What is the minimum age required to become a member of the Lok Sabha in India?

a) 21 years

b) 25 years

c) 30 years

d) 35 years

Answer: b) 25 years

9. The concept of ‘Socialism’ aims at:

a) Equality of opportunity

b) Accumulation of wealth

c) Individualism

d) Private ownership of production

Answer: a) Equality of opportunity

10. The concept of ‘Civil Society’ refers to:

a) Government institutions

b) Armed forces

c) Non-governmental organizations

d) Political parties

Answer: c) Non-governmental organizations

11. Who has the power to declare war in a parliamentary form of government?

a) Prime Minister

b) President

c) Defense Minister

d) Supreme Court

Answer: b) President

12. Which of the following is not a fundamental duty of Indian citizens?

a) To abide by the Constitution

b) To defend the country

c) To respect the national flag

d) To pay taxes

Answer: d) To pay taxes

13. The term ‘Universal Adult Suffrage’ means:

a) Right to vote for all adult citizens

b) Right to vote for men only

c) Right to vote for women only

d) Right to vote for the wealthy class

Answer: a) Right to vote for all adult citizens

14. The concept of ‘Secularism’ implies:

a) Promotion of a specific religion by the state

b) State intervention in religious matters

c) Equal treatment of all religions by the state

d) Absence of religion in society

Answer: c) Equal treatment of all religions by the state

15. The concept of ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ was adopted by:

a) United Nations General Assembly

b) European Union

c) World Trade Organization

d) International Monetary Fund

Answer: a) United Nations General Assembly

16. The political ideology of ‘Fascism’ is associated with:

a) Extreme nationalism

b) Social equality

c) Economic liberalism

d) Democratic governance

Answer: a) Extreme nationalism

17. Who has the power to amend the Constitution of India?

a) President of India

b) Parliament

c) Supreme Court

d) State governments

Answer: b) Parliament

18. The ‘Preamble’ of the Indian Constitution reflects the ideals of:

a) Democracy, socialism, and secularism

b) Capitalism, communism, and nationalism

c) Fundamental rights and duties

d) Judicial review and federalism

Answer: a) Democracy, socialism, and secularism

19. The system of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a single ruler is called:

a) Democracy

b) Oligarchy

c) Monarchy

d) Anarchy

Answer: c) Monarchy

20. The ‘Cabinet’ in a parliamentary form of government consists of:

a) Elected representatives

b) Opposition party members

c) Senior civil servants

d) Ministers chosen by the Prime Minister

Answer: d) Ministers chosen by the Prime Minister

21. Who is the head of the state government in India?

a) Governor

b) Chief Minister

c) President

d) Prime Minister

Answer: b) Chief Minister

22. The process of removing an elected government from power before the completion of its term is known as:

a) Revolution

b) Coup d’├ętat

c) Impeachment

d) Dissolution

Answer: c) Impeachment

23. The concept of ‘Sovereignty’ refers to:

a) Rule by religious leaders

b) Rule by the military

c) Supreme power and authority of a state

d) Rule by the people

Answer: c) Supreme power and authority of a state

24. The principle of ‘Collective Responsibility’ in a parliamentary system means that:

a) The Prime Minister is responsible for all government actions

b) All members of the government are jointly responsible for its actions

c) The President holds ultimate responsibility for government decisions

d) The judiciary has the power to hold the government accountable

Answer: b) All members of the government are jointly responsible for its actions

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Is political science class 12 easy?

Whether political science class 12 is easy or not depends on individual preferences and aptitude. Some students find it relatively easy to grasp the concepts and theories, while others may find it challenging. Regular study, understanding of key concepts, and practice can help in achieving success in the subject.

Which is the best guide for political science class 12?

There are several good guides available for political science class 12. Some popular options include NCERT textbooks, reference books by renowned authors like M. Laxmikanth, Subhash Kashyap, and D.D. Basu. It’s advisable to consult with teachers, classmates, or subject experts to determine the guide that aligns with your learning style and covers the syllabus comprehensively.

What is the scope of political science Mcq?

The scope of political science MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) is to test the knowledge, understanding, and analytical skills of students in the subject. MCQs can cover various topics, including political theory, Indian politics, international relations, and comparative politics. Solving MCQs helps students develop critical thinking, time management, and decision-making skills, which are beneficial for exams and beyond.

What is the full marks of political science class 12?

The full marks for political science class 12 may vary depending on the education board or examination system you are referring to. In general, the maximum marks for political science class 12 examinations can range from 80 to 100, with the specific weightage given to different sections or question types varying across exams. It’s essential to refer to the official guidelines or consult with your school or board to get accurate information on the marking scheme.

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