Minerals of Jammu and Kashmir

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Mineral Resources Distribution In Jammu And Kashmir are found in different places

Jammu & Kashmir is not that rich in minerals resources ,but many of its resources are still untapped .Jammu and Kashmir has some of mineral resources that are not found in whole of India .Minerals of Jammu and Kashmir


Jammu and Kashmir ranks number one in resources of sole borax and sapphire .The other minerals that are found in Jammu and Kashmir include graphite ,marble and gypsum. Poonch, Rajouri and Udhampur districts have some resources of Coal
.Baramulla has gypsum and Doda limestone

Other minerals that occur in the State are bentonite in Jammu district; borax and sulphur in Leh district; diaspore in Rajouri and Udhampur districts; graphite in Baramulla district; lignite and marble in Kupwara district;bauxite, ball clay and china clay in Udhampur district; Doda and Udhampur districts; quartzite in Anantnag district; and sapphire in Doda district
quartz and silica sand in Anantnag,

Minerals of Jammu and Kashmir

Important mineral resources of India and World

World (Carajas mines in Brazil is the largest reserves Iron Ore in world) Top Iron ore producers in the world (CHINA) ## Iron Magnetite (Fe3O4) and Haematite (Fe2O3) are fine quality ores. magnetite has fewer impurities than hematite

A naturally magnetized content of magnetite is called lodestone. Because of its high iron content, hematite ore can be used in steel production without benefaction. · Hematite is the most abundantly available ore in India. · Distribution: Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh,

Largest iron ore producers Country Iron Ore Production is Australia Iron Ore Distribution in India Odisha contributing ~50% of India’s total production 16 Haematite reserves Magnetite reserves 1. Odisha 33% Karnataka has more than half of the reserves of magnetite ore in India Odisha · The ores are rich in haematites. Jharkhand · First mine in Singhbhum district in 1904.


Coal ; Coal is also called black gold Older the coal, better the carbon content Capacity of coal to give energy depends upon the percentage or carbon content (Older the coal,higher the carbon content More depth == more pressure and heat == better carbon content anthracite (oldest, best quality coal Lignite (brown coal) · Contains 40 to 55 per cent carbon. Peat · Contains less than 40 to 55 per cent carbon (has more impurities).

Anthracite coal is the best quality, hard coal with 80 to 95 per cent carbon. · It has very little moisture and volatile matter. · It ignites slowly and hence there is less loss of heat (highly efficient). Bituminous Coal (black coal) · Bituminous Coal is soft, dense, compact coal with 40 to 80 per cent carbon. Bituminous Coal is the most widely available and used coal. It is used in the production of coke and gas.

It burns with a short blue flame (Complete combustion Flame is blue very few pollutants). · In India, it is found only in Jammu and Kashmir and that too in small quantity. burns with a short blue flame (Complete combustion Flame is blue very few pollutants). · In India, it is found only in Jammu and Kashmir and that too in small quantity. Coke is produced by heating bituminous coal without air to extremely high temperatures. · Coking flushing out impurities and improving the concentration of carbon.


KABIL ·A joint venture company namely Khanij Bidesh India Ltd. (KABIL) is to be set up with the participation of three Central Public Sector Enterprises namely, National Aluminium Company Ltd.(NALCO), Hindustan Copper Ltd.(HCL) and Mineral Exploration Company Ltd KABIL functions · The KABIL would carry out identification, exploration, development, mining and processing of strategic min- erals overseas for commercial use and meeting country’s requirement of these minerals. ·

The new company will help in building partnerships with other mineral rich countries like Australia and those in Africa and South America. ## Gypsum Rajasthan is by far the largest producer of gypsum in India (99 per cent of the total production of India). Jammu and Kashmir. · The state of Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of uranium in India

Minerals of Jammu and Kashmir

Minerals of Jammu and Kashmir

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