Celebrating the 75th year of Independence, 11 new ramsar sites in India were added. .These 11 more sites took the number of total number of Ramsar Sites in India from 64 to 75. The newly added 11 Ramsar sites are :
- Tampara Lake
- Hirakud Reservoir
- Ansupa Lake
- Yashwant Sagar
- Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
- Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex.
- Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
- Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
- Thane Creek
- Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve
- Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve
The 11 newly added ramsar sites included wetlands, Bird sanctuaries and lakes. Of all the newly added ramsar sites in 2022 ,5 sites belong to Tamil Nadu, 3 to Odisha , 2 to Jammu and Kashmir, and 1 each to Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
11 New Ramsar Sites in India
On the eve of 75th Independence day 11 new sites were added to the list of ramsar sites , taking the total count to 75. In these 75 sites, Tamil Nadu has the highest number of ramsar sites i,e 14 Ramsar sites . The newly added ramsar sites in 2022 are
Ramsar Sites India 2022
In 2022 total 19 new ramsar sites were included in the list of ramsar sites, taking the total number of ramsar sites in India to 75. In the year 2022 actually total of 28 sites have been declared as Ramsar sites .These 28 sites got the Ramsar certification in 2022. In these 28 sites, 14 sites from 2021 got there ramsar certification this year. While 19 sites for 2022 got ramsar certificate this year. In this total of 75 ramsar sites , Tamil Nadu has maximum ramsar site and 14 for previous year (2021). Tamil Nadu has maximum number of Ramsar sites (14 ). On second number Uttar Pardesh (UP) has 10 number of Ramsar sites . New Ramsar sites include :
Tampara Lake : :
One of the most popular freshwater lakes in the state of Odisha is Tampara Lake has been added to the list of new ramsar sites in India that is located in the Ganjam district. The British called the depression on the ground “Tamp,” and the locals afterwards referred to it as “Tampra.” The depression on the earth eventually filled with rainwater from catchment flow. At least 60 different bird species, 46 different fish species, at least 48 different phytoplankton species, and more than 7 distinct terrestrial plant and macrophyte species can all be found in the marsh.
For delicate species like the river tern, cyprinus carpio, and common pochard (Aythya ferina), the wetland is a crucial habitat (Sterna aurantia). The wetland is a vital source of income for the nearby villages, with an estimated average annual fish production of 12 tonnes. The wetland contains fish as well. This wetland is also a famous tourist attractions and people often visit here for recreation purposes.
Tampara lake is the newly added ramsar site from the state of Odisha. This lake is home to a large number of fishes and other aquatic and terrestrial plants . It is the first among the newly added 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022
The largest earthen dam in Odisha, Hirakud Reservoir, began operating in 1957. A variety of plant and animal species, including some with great conservation importance, are supported by the reservoir. Several of the 54 species of fish from the reservoir that are known has been classified as endangered. There are also 21 fish species that are significant economically.
Hirakud reservoir currently provide 7,000 fisher households with their primary source of income and yield an annual catch of about 480 MT of fish. Likewise, this location has records for over 130 bird species, 20 of which are of great conservation importance. The reservoir provides water for irrigation purposes 436,000 ha of cultural command area and generating about 300 MW of hydropower. The Hirakud Reservoir was added to the list of new ramsar sites in India . This reservoir also attracts a large number of tourists every year.
The largest freshwater lake in Odisha, Ansupa Lake is located in the Cuttack district’s Banki subdistrict and has long been renowned for its scenic beauty, biodiversity, and natural riches. The wetland, which covers 231 acres, is an oxbow lake created by the River Mahanadi. Along with 244 types of macrophytes, the wetland is home to at least 194 bird species, 61 fish species, and 26 animal species.
At least three threatened bird species—Rynchops albicollis (EN), Sterna acuticauda (EN), and Sterna aurantia (VU)—as well as three threatened fish species—Clariias magur (Clariidae) (EN), Cyprinus carpio (Cyprinidae) (VU), and Wallago attu—can all be found safely residing in the marsh (VU). This lake also provides the fresh water to the surrounding areas. It was added to the list of newly added ramsar sites India
Ansupa, which is 50 kilometres from Cuttack, is situated in the midst of the state highway that runs between the Banki and Athagarh blocks of the Cuttack district. Ansupa is the largest freshwater lake in Odisha, covering 382 km.
The lake’s name comes from the way it looks, which resembles a horse shoe (Ansupa). The lake’s numerous colours throughout the rainy season provide for a stunning spectacle, and the migratory birds’ presence during the winter adds to the lake’s vitality. The lake’s boating amenities are an additional interest.
The historic fort ruins that are perched atop the Saranda hill next to the lake contribute to the area’s attractiveness and offer a bird’s-eye perspective of the lake. It lake also belongs to ramsar sites India
One of the two Important Bird Areas (IBA) in the Indore area and one of the most prominent birding locations in Madhya Pradesh’s Malwa region is Ashwant Sagar. It is in list of 11 new ramsar sites in Inida 2022. Currently, it is mostly used to supply water to the city of Indore and is also employed commercially for fish farming. The Indore City Municipal Corporation has control over the Yashwant Sagar reservoir.
The capital of Madhya Pradesh and one of the cleanest cities in India, Indore is also commonly referred to as the state’s economic growth hub. This wetland’s catchment area is primarily agricultural. The endangered Sarus Crane is thought to have a stronghold in central India’s Yashwant Sagar. The lake’s backwaters are fully of shallow water areas, providing good breeding ground to the birds and fowls. Being part of ramsar sites india, this site also provides the a breeding ground to many migratory birds in winter.
Among the 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022. Taking the ramsar sites india total to 75. It is also one of Madhya Pradesh’s 19 Important Bird Areas. The Yashwant Sagar dam was designated in 11 new Ramsar sites in india 2022 on August 11, 2022. Additionally, it is one of the most significant birding locations in Malwa and one of the two IBAs in the Indore region.
Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary
The Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu is home to the Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary, sometimes referred to as “Chitrangudi Kanmoli” locally. It was added to ramsar sites in India 2022. Taking ramsar sites in Inida total to 75 The wetland has been declared a protected area since 1989 and is governed by the Ramanathapuram division of the Tamil Nadu Forest Department.
Winter migrating birds thrive in the Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary. A total of 50 birds from 30 different families have been recorded at the location. Three land birds and 47 aquatic birds are present. Spot-billed pelicans, small egrets, grey herons, large egrets, open-billed storks, purple, and pond herons are notable waterbirds that have been seen nearby. Agribusiness fields surround Chitrangudi, where various crops are raised all year long. Several fish, amphibians, molluscs, aquatic insects, and other animals live in the marsh as well.
The Sanctuary is a haven for avian enthusiasts. You will enjoy spotting and recognising the various species of colourful winged animals that live in or visit the sanctuary, including grey herons, painted storks, grey pelicans, black ibis, and white ibis, as well as open-billed storks, grey pelicans, dabchick, cattle egret, Indian darters, pond herons, and little egrets. It is also a ramsar site among 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022
Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex
Suchindrum A portion of the Suchindrum-Theroor Manakudi Conservation Reserve is the Theroor Wetland Complex. It is situated at the southernmost point of the migratory bird flyway in Central Asia and has been designated an Important Bird Area. It was built so that birds may build nests there, and thousands of birds visit it every year.
There are around 10,500 people who depend on Theroor for their livelihood, and 75% of them depend on agriculture, which in turn depends on the water discharged from the Theroor tank. This perpetual, man-made tank is located inland. Pasumkulam, Venchikulam, Nedumarthukulam, Perumkulam, Elemchikulam, and Konadunkulam are mentioned in copper plate inscriptions from the ninth century. There are over 250 bird species in the region, of which 53 are migratory, 12 are endemic, and 4 are threatened. With 94.23 hectare area Theroor was among the 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022
A wide range of aquatic plants, such as water lilies, lotuses, floating hearts, pistia, and other water plants, can be found in the Suchindram Pond. Birds can find sanctuary and a place to rest on an island that has been constructed in the middle of the area by a few tall trees and other vegetation. it is one of the 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022
Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary
A massive man-made irrigation tank, the 112.638 hectares Vaduvur bird sanctuary is a haven for migrating birds as it offers a perfect habitat for food, shelter, and breeding grounds. Although these irrigation tanks are important in terms of socioeconomics and culture, little is known about their ecological value. There have been no studies done to confirm that these tanks might support healthy populations of resident and wintering water birds.
The majority of the tanks surveyed contained Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii. In tanks, there were high densities of wintering waterfowl such Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope, Northern Pintail Anas acuta, and Garganey Anas querquedula.
It is one among new 4 newly added ramsar sites in Tamil Nadu and 11 new ramsar sites in india 2022.
25 kilometres from Thanjavur and 30 kilometres from Thiruvarur separate the Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary from those locations. More than 40 species of water birds, including the White Ibis, Painted stork, Grey Pelican, Pintails, Cormorants, Teals, Herons, Spoonbills, Darters, Coots, Open bill Storks, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, etc., are drawn to the sanctuary since it was founded in 1999. T It is among new ramsar sites in India
Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary
A protected region called Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary is located close to Tamil Nadu’s Mudukulathur Ramanathapuram District. India, as announced in 1989. Several migratory heron species use it as a nesting ground, and they roost in the area’s profusion of babul trees. Between October and February, migratory waterbirds that breed in this area include the painted stork, white ibis, black ibis, tiny egret, and great egret. Due to the breeding activity of the endangered Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), the area qualifies as an IBA. It is the among 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022.
Numerous globally near-threatened species, such as the Spot-billed Pelican, Oriental Darter, Oriental white Ibis, and Painted Stork, can be found in the wetland, along with more common shore and water birds like greenshank, plovers, and stilts, as well as forest birds like bee-eaters, bulbuls, cuckoos, starlings, and barbets. It is the among new ramsar sites in India.
Indian state of Maharashtra is home to Thane Creek. The Ulhas River is the greatest of the creek’s several fresh water sources, which also include other drainage channels from various suburban neighborhood’s of Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, and Thane.
Thane Creek Flamingo Sanctuary has been established there. Mangroves line both banks of Thane Creek and make up about 20% of all Indian mangrove species. The mangrove forest shields the land from storms, tidal surges, seawater invasions, and other natural disasters. It was the single new ramsar site among 11 new ramsar sites in India 2022 from Maharashtra
The mangrove supports the local fishing and acts as a nursery for a variety of species. The region has been designated as an Important Bird Area because it is a significant component of the wetland complex of the birds’ Central Asian Flyway (IBA). Along with the 202 species of avifauna, the creek is home to 59 species of butterflies, 67 species of insects, 24 species of zooplankton, 23 species of benthos, 35 species of phytoplankton, and 202 species of avifauna. It is among new ramsar sites in India
Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve
The Hygam Wetland is a significant flood absorption basin, biodiversity protection site, ecotourism destination, and source of livelihood security for the surrounding populations. It is located inside the River Jhelum basin. The Baramulla district is where the wetland is. Both migratory bird species and many local residents use it as a home. It was recently added to the list of ramsar sites in India.
Additionally, it is acknowledged as an Important Bird Area (IBA). Hygam Wetland has mostly lost its wetland qualities as a result of the high rate of siltation, and in many locations, its profile has converted into a landmass. Numerous ecosystem services, such as fish and fibre production, water supply and purification, climate control, flood control, and recreational activities are all provided by Hygam Wetland. The ecosystem services provided by wetlands are either completely or partially responsible for the livelihoods of those who live in or close to wetlands. It was recently added to the list of new Ramsar sites in India
Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve
District Srinagar, UT of J&K is home to the Shallabug Wetland Conservation Reserve. Between September and March, a sizable portion of the wetland dries up. There are large reedbeds of Typha angustata and Phragmites communis in the area, as well as dense growths of Nymphaea candida and N. stellata on open water. More than four lakh resident and migratory birds of at least 21 species call it home.
The Shallabugh Wetland is crucial for seasonal water retention for wetlands or other regions downstream that are vital for conservation. It also plays a significant role in the natural management, amelioration, or avoidance of flooding. The recharging of aquifers depends on the wetland, an important floodplain system in nature. Shallabugh Wetland ecosystem services include fish and fibre production; water supply and purification; climate and flood control; and recreational activities. There are numerous kinds of water birds that use the marsh as a crucial breeding habitat.
List of Ramsar sites in India
List of all the ramsar sites in India. In August 2022 , 11 new sites were added to the list of ramsar sites, taking the total number of ramsar sites to 75. Below is the list of ramsar sites with the state/UT of its location and the year of its establishment. State-wise list of all the Ramsar sites in India.
|SR. NO||RAMSAR SITES||STATE/UT||YEAR|
|1.||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2002|
|2.||Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|3.||Vellode Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|4.||Vembannur Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|5.||Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|6.||Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|7.||Pichavaram Mangrove||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|8.||Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|9.||Karikili Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|10.||Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|11.||Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|12.||Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|13.||Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|14.||Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||2022|
|15.||Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|16.||Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|17.||Saman Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|18.||Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|19.||Sandi Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|20.||Sarsai Nawar Jheel||Uttar Pradesh||2019|
|21.||Sur Sarovar||Uttar Pradesh||2020|
|22.||Upper Ganga River||Uttar Pradesh||2005|
|23.||Haiderpur Wetland||Uttar Pradesh||2021|
|24.||Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2021|
|25.||Bhoj Wetlands||Madhya Pradesh||2002|
|26.||Sakhya Sagar||Madhya Pradesh||2022|
|27.||Sirpur wetland||Madhya Pradesh||2022|
|28.||Yashwant Sagar||Madhya Pradesh||2022|
|35.||Hokera Wetland||Jammu and Kashmir||2005|
|36.||Surinsar-Mansar Lakes||Jammu and Kashmir||2005|
|37.||Wular Lake||Jammu and Kashmir||1990|
|38.||Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve||Jammu and Kashmir||2022|
|39.||Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve||Jammu and Kashmir||2022|
|40.||Beas Conservation Reserve||Punjab||2019|
|42.||Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary||Punjab||2019|
|43.||Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve||Punjab||2019|
|50.||Keoladeo Ghana NP||Rajasthan||1981|
|53.||Chandertal Wetland||Himachal Pradesh||2005|
|54.||Pong Dam Lake||Himachal Pradesh||2002|
|55.||Renuka Wetland||Himachal Pradesh||2005|
|56.||East Kolkata Wetlands||West Bengal||2002|
|57.||Sundarbans Wetland||West Bengal||2019|
|58.||Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary||Gujarat||2012|
|59.||Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary||Gujarat||2021|
|61.||Khijadia Wildlife Sanctuary||Gujarat||2021|
|65.||Tso Kar Wetland||Ladakh||2020|
|67.||Asan Conservation Reserve||Uttarakhand||2020|
|70.||Kolleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh||2002|
|71.||Sultanpur National Park||Haryana||2021|
|72.||Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary||Haryana||2021|
|TOTAL RAMSAR SITES IN INDIA= 75|
Newly added ramsar sites in India 2022?
The new 11 wetlands of India have been added to list of ramsar sites. Now the total number of ramsar sites in India has reached 75. The names of new 11 ramsar sites in India are:
1. Tampara Lake (Odisha)
2. Hirakud Reservoir (Odisha)
3. Ansupa Lake (Odisha)
4. Yashwant SagarTamil Nadu
5. Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
6. Suchindram Theroor Wetland Complex (Tamil Nadu)
7. Vaduvur Bird Sanctuary(Tamil Nadu)
8. Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary (Tamil Nadu)
9.Thane Creek (Maharashtra)
10. Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)
11. Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)
Which is the 75th ramsar site of India ?
Shallbugh Wetland Conservation Reserve . It is located in Srinagar district UT of Jammu and Kashmir. Shallbugh wetland conservation reserve is the home of 4 lakh resident and migratory birds with 21 species. Shallbugh wetland also plays an important role for the prevention of flooding
Which sate of India has largest/maximum number of Ramsar sites in India ?
In 2022 Tamil Nadu has the maximum number of Ramsar sites in India. Tamil Nadu is top in the list of Ramsar Sites in India with 14 sites . Followed by Uttar Pardesh with 10 ramsar sites. As 11 new sites have been added to this list Tamil Nadu has 4 sites in those 11 sites
How many Ramsar sites are in Jammu and Kashmir 2022 ?
There are 5 ramsar sites in Jammu and Kashmir in 2022 . in the new list of ramsar site two new ramsar site were added from the UT of Jammu an and Kashmir . the two newly included ramsar site from Jammu and Kashmir are Shallbugh wetland conservation reserve, and Hygam Wetland Conservation Reserve
New Ramsar site India UPSC
Here is a complete note on New Ramsar sites for UPSC. Detailed information about all the newly added sites 2022. Check here