MCQs on Governor general of India

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Important MCQs on Governor general of India .These questions on the governor-general and viceroys of India are asked in various exams. These questions provide an important part of the questions on Modern history.

The Governor-General of India was a prominent administrative position during the British colonial rule in India. Initially appointed by the British East India Company, the Governor-General held significant authority over the territories under British control. The position evolved over time, with the title changing to Viceroy in 1858, signifying direct rule by the British Crown.

MCQs on Governor general of India

The Governor-General/Viceroy served as the representative of the British monarch and exercised executive, legislative, and judicial powers. They were responsible for governing British India and managing relations with the princely states. The Governor-General/Viceroy played a crucial role in shaping colonial policies, implementing reforms, and maintaining law and order.

Notable Governors-General and Viceroys of India include Lord Cornwallis, Lord Dalhousie, Lord Canning, Lord Curzon, and Lord Mountbatten. Their tenures witnessed significant events such as the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 and the partition of Bengal in 1905. The position of Governor-General/Viceroy came to an end with India’s independence in 1947.

List of Governor Generals of India during British Rule
SNO.GOVERNOR GENERALSTENURE
1Warren Hastings1773-1785
2Lord Cornwallis1786-1793
3Sir John Shore1793-1798
4Lord Wellesley1798-1805
5Lord Cornwallis1805-1805
6Lord Minto I1807-1813
7Lord Hastings1813-1823
8Lord Amherst1823-1828
9Lord William Bentinck1828-1835
10Lord Metcalfe1835-1836
11Lord Auckland1836-1842
12Lord Ellenborough1842-1844
13Lord Hardinge I1844-1848
14Lord Dalhousie1848-1856
15Lord Canning1856-1862

MCQs on Governor general of India

Q1. Who was the first Governor-general of India?

A. Warren Hastings

B. William Bentinck

C. Sir John Shore

D. Lord Cornwallis

B. William Bentinck. Significant social and educational improvements in India attributed to him include the abolition of sati

Q2. Who founded Asiatic Society of Bengal 1784?

A. Sir William Jones

B. Lord Wellesley

C. Lord Cornwallis

D. Sir John Shore

A. Sir William Jones. The main aim of Asiatic Society was Spread of English education

Q3. Who was the first Governor general of Bengal?

A. Lord Cornwallis

B. Lord Wellesley

C. Warren Hastings 

D. Lord Amherst

C. Warren Hastings. He created the civil administration structure that served as the cornerstone of Anglo-Indian security and prosperity

Q4. Which one of the following British Governor General of Bengal introduced The Permanent Settlement of Bengal 1793?

A. Lord Wellesley

B. Lord Cornwallis

C. Sir George Barlow

D. Lord Hastings

B. Lord Cornwallis.The Permanent Settlement of Bengal was an agreement between the East India Company and Bengali landlords to establish revenues to be produced from land that had important implications for both agriculture and production throughout the entire British Empire as well as the political scene

Q5. Subsidiary Alliance system in India was introduced by?

A. Sir George Barlow

B. Lord Cornwallis

C. Lord Minto I

D. Lord Wellesley.

D. Lord Wellesley. (1798-1805) The Nazim of Hyderabad was first to accept the Subsidiary Alliance system. The- princely Indian states and the British East India Company signed the Subsidiary Alliance, which required the Indian kingdoms to hand over control to the English

Q6. Treaty of Amritsar 1809 was signed between?

A. East India Company and Ranjit Singh

B. East India Company and Ghulab Singh

C. East India Company and Duleep Singh

D. East India Company and Tipu Sultan

A. East India Company and Ranjit Singh. According to the Treaty of Amritsar 1809 the areas of Malwa would be under British rule. Satluj would be the border of Ranjit Singh’s kingdom. Amritsar and Lahore would be ruled by the British.

Q7. Who introduced the Ryotwari System?

A. Thomas Munro

B. Lord Amherst

C. Lord Hastings

D. Lord Minto

A. Thomas Munro. The Madras presidency was where the Ryotwari System initially began. In this arrangement, the land was considered to belong to the peasants or farmers. For drylands and wetlands, the tax was assessed at a rate of 50% and 60%, respectively.

Q8. Which British Governor General of India abolished the Sati system in India?

A. Lord Hastings

B. Lord Cornwallis

C. Lord Auckland

D. Lord William Bentinck

D. Lord William Bentinck. In 1828, he assumed the position of Governor-General of India. He assisted Raja Ram Mohan Roy in putting an end to several pervasive societal ills as Sati, polygamy, child marriage, and female infanticide.

Q9. Which of the following are reforms of Lord William Bentinck?

A. Suppression of thuggee

B. Educational reforms

C. Introduction of English as the official language

D. All of the Above

D. All of the Above.

Q10. Which of the following  governor generals of India passed the Press Act in 1835?

A. Lord Dalhousie

B. Lord Hardinge

C. Lord Metcalfe

D. Lord Auckland

C. Lord Metcalfe. In India, James Augustus Hicky is regarded as the founding figure of journalism. Along with the Calcutta General Advertiser, he founded India’s first newspaper, the Bengal Gazette, in 1780

Q11. Which of the Governor-General of India is known for his mistakes in the first Afghan wars 1838-42?

A. Lord Metcalfe

B. Lord Auckland 

C. Lord Hardinge

D. None of the above

B. Lord Auckland. India’s former governor general was Lord Auckland. The first Anglo-Afghan war, which took place during his leadership, severely damaged British prestige in India. He was dubbed India’s most unsuccessful governor general and is infamous for his mistakes during the Afghan Wars.

Q12. Social reforms including abolition of female infanticide and human sacrifice took place during which of the following Governor-General of India?

A. Lord Hastings

B. Lord Cornwallis

C. Lord Auckland

D. Lord Hardinge I

D. Lord Hardinge I. British commander who served as governor-general of India from 1844 to 1848

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Q13. Which of the following Governor-General of India introduced the Doctrine of Lapse?

A. Lord Ellenborough

B. Lord Dalhousie

C. Lord Auckland

D. Lord Canning

B. Lord Dalhousie. According to this regulation, an Indian king’s kingdom would expire and join Company territory if he passed away without a male heir. According to the doctrine of lapse, the company seized control of the princely state of Satara (1848), Jaitapur and Sambalpur (1849), Bhagat (1850), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1854), Nagpur (1854), Tore and Arcot (1855). It is widely considered that Awadh (1856) was annexed in accordance with the Doctrine of Lapse

Q14. Which of the following reforms was introduced by  Lord Dalhousie in India from 1848-1856?

A. Wood’s Education Despatch

B. Introducing of Railway line in India

C. Telegraph and postal reforms in India

D. All of the Above

D. All of the Above.

Q15. Widow Remarriage Act 1856 was introduced by? 

A. Lord Canning

B. Lord Hastings

C. Lord Dalhousie

D. None of the Above

C. Lord Dalhousie. It was the first significant social reform law passed after Lord William Bentinck abolished sati pratha in 1829.

Q16. Which of the following Governor-General of India established the three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857

A. Lord Canning

B. Lord Dalhousie

C. Lord Auckland

D. Lord Minto

A. Lord Canning. Introduction of Income Tax and other Financial Reforms

Q17. Lord Canning introduced the Indian Councils Act of 1861, how many members were nominated?

A. Three

B. Four

C. Six

D. Eight

A. Three. In 1862, Lord Canning proposed Sir Dinkar Rao, the Maharaja of Patiala, and the Raja of Benares as candidates for the Council. Their duties were restricted to legislative actions.

Q18. Which of the following viceroy of India suppressed the Wahhabi Movement?

A. Lord John Lawrence

B. Lord Elgin I

C. Lord Lytton

D. Lord Northbrook

B. Lord Elgin I. The Wahhabi Movement was started by Sayyid Ahmad (1786-1831) of Rae Bareli.

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List of viceroys of India during British rule

SNO.VICEROYSTENURE
1Lord Elgin1862-1863
2Sir John Lawrence1864-1869
3Lord Mayo1869-1872
4Lord Northbrook1872-1876
5Lord Lytton1876-1880
6Lord Ripon1880-1884
7Lord Dufferin1884-1888
8Lord Lansdowne1888-1894
9Lord Elgin1894-1899
10Lord Curzon1899-1905
11Lord Minto1905-1910
12Lord Hardinge1910-1916
13Lord Chelmsford1916-1921
14Lord Reading1921-1926
15Lord Irwin1926-1931
16Lord Willingdon1931-1936
17Lord Linlithgow1936-1943
18Lord Wavell1943-1947
19Lord Mountbatten1947

MCQs on Governor General and Viceroy of India

Who was the first Governor-General of India?

a) Lord Cornwallis

b) Lord Dalhousie

c) Lord William Bentinck

d) Warren Hastings

Answer: d) Warren Hastings

Which Governor-General is known for the introduction of the Permanent Settlement in Bengal?

a) Lord Wellesley

b) Lord Cornwallis

c) Lord Dalhousie

d) Lord Canning

Answer: b) Lord Cornwallis

Who was the Governor-General during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857?

a) Lord Curzon

b) Lord Mountbatten

c) Lord Canning

d) Lord Hardinge

Answer: c) Lord Canning

Who was the Viceroy of India when the capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?

a) Lord Ripon

b) Lord Mayo

c) Lord Lytton

d) Lord Curzon

Answer: c) Lord Lytton

Which Governor-General is associated with the introduction of the Doctrine of Lapse?

a) Lord Wellesley

b) Lord Dalhousie

c) Lord Curzon

d) Lord Hastings

Answer: b) Lord Dalhousie

Who was the last Viceroy of India?

a) Lord Mountbatten

b) Lord Irwin

c) Lord Wavell

d) Lord Mountbatten II

Answer: a) Lord Mountbatten

Who served as both the Governor-General and Viceroy of India?

a) Lord Mayo

b) Lord Canning

c) Lord Curzon

d) Lord Ripon

Answer: b) Lord Canning

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Who is known as the “Maker of Modern India” among the Governors-General?

a) Lord Dalhousie

b) Lord Wellesley

c) Lord William Bentinck

d) Lord Cornwallis

Answer: a) Lord Dalhousie

Who was the Viceroy of India during the partition of Bengal in 1905?

a) Lord Curzon

b) Lord Hardinge

c) Lord Minto

d) Lord Chelmsford

Answer: a) Lord Curzon

Who was the first Governor-General of India after the Indian independence in 1947?

a) Lord Mountbatten

b) Lord Wavell

c) C. Rajagopalachari

d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: a) Lord Mountbatten

Who was the first Governor-General of India?

Answer: The first Governor-General of India was Warren Hastings.

What is the difference between a Governor-General and a Viceroy?

Answer: The main difference is in their titles and the scope of their authority. Initially, the British appointed Governor-Generals who governed British India on behalf of the British Crown. However, in 1858, the title was changed to Viceroy, which indicated a higher rank and authority. The Viceroy of India represented the British monarch and had control over both British India and the princely states.

Who served as both the Governor-General and Viceroy of India?

Answer: Lord Canning served as both the Governor-General and Viceroy of India. He held the position from 1856 to 1862 and was the last Governor-General and the first Viceroy of India.

Who was the last Viceroy of India?

Answer: Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy of India. He served as Viceroy from 1947 until India’s independence in August of that year.

How did the role of Governors-General and Viceroys evolve over time?

Answer: Initially, the Governors-General had limited powers and acted as representatives of the British East India Company. However, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Crown assumed direct control over India, and the position was elevated to Viceroy, representing the monarch. The Viceroy held significant political and administrative powers, overseeing both British India and the princely states until India’s independence in 1947.

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